Now keeping track of useful relays in ARFlightController, and using that list instead of FlightGlobals in AntennaRelay and ARMapRenderer.
Now keeping track of useful relays in ARFlightController, and using that list instead of FlightGlobals in AntennaRelay and ARMapRenderer.

--- a/ARConfiguration.cs
+++ b/ARConfiguration.cs
@@ -10,40 +10,124 @@
 
 namespace AntennaRange
 {
+	/// <summary>
+	/// A <see cref="UnityEngine.MonoBehaviour"/> responsible for managing configuration items for AntennaRange.
+	/// </summary>
 	[KSPAddon(KSPAddon.Startup.SpaceCentre, false)]
 	public class ARConfiguration : MonoBehaviour
 	{
+		private const string WINDOW_POS_KEY = "configWindowPos";
+		private const string REQUIRE_LOS_KEY = "requireLineOfSight";
+		private const string GRACE_RATIO_KEY = "graceRatio";
+		private const string REQUIRE_PROBE_CONNECTION_KEY = "requireConnectionForControl";
+		private const string FIXED_POWER_KEY = "fixedPowerCost";
+		private const string PRETTY_LINES_KEY = "drawPrettyLines";
+		private const string UPDATE_DELAY_KEY = "updateDelay";
+		private const string USE_ADDITIVE_KEY = "useAdditiveRanges";
+
+		private const string TRACKING_STATION_RANGES_KEY = "TRACKING_STATION_RANGES";
+		private const string RANGE_KEY = "range";
+
+		/// <summary>
+		/// Indicates whether connections require line of sight.
+		/// </summary>
 		public static bool RequireLineOfSight
 		{
 			get;
 			private set;
 		}
 
+		/// <summary>
+		/// A "fudge factor" ratio that pretends planets and moons are slightly smaller than reality to make
+		/// building communication constellations easier.
+		/// </summary>
 		public static double RadiusRatio
 		{
 			get;
 			private set;
 		}
 
+		/// <summary>
+		/// Indicates whether unmanned vessels require a connection for control.
+		/// </summary>
 		public static bool RequireConnectionForControl
 		{
 			get;
 			private set;
 		}
 
+		/// <summary>
+		/// If true, relays will fix their power cost when above nominal range, decreasing data rate instead.
+		/// </summary>
 		public static bool FixedPowerCost
 		{
 			get;
 			private set;
 		}
+
+		/// <summary>
+		/// Indicates whether this AntennaRange will draw pretty lines in map view.
+		/// </summary>
+		public static bool PrettyLines
+		{
+			get;
+			set;
+		}
+
+		/// <summary>
+		/// Gets the update delay.
+		/// </summary>
+		public static long UpdateDelay
+		{
+			get;
+			private set;
+		}
+
+		/// <summary>
+		/// Gets a value indicating whether AntennaRange will use additive ranges.
+		/// </summary>
+		public static bool UseAdditiveRanges
+		{
+			get;
+			private set;
+		}
+
+		/// <summary>
+		/// Gets Kerbin's relay range based on the current tracking station level.
+		/// </summary>
+		public static double KerbinRelayRange
+		{
+			get;
+			private set;
+		}
+
+		/// <summary>
+		/// Gets Kerbin's nominal relay range based on the current tracking station level.
+		/// </summary>
+		public static double KerbinNominalRange
+		{
+			get
+			{
+				return KerbinRelayRange / 2.8284271247461901d;
+			}
+		}
+
+#pragma warning disable 1591
 
 		private bool showConfigWindow;
 		private Rect configWindowPos;
 
+		private string updateDelayStr;
+		private long updateDelay;
+
 		private IButton toolbarButton;
 		private ApplicationLauncherButton appLauncherButton;
 
+		private double[] trackingStationRanges;
+
 		private System.Version runningVersion;
+
+		private bool runOnce;
 
 		private KSP.IO.PluginConfiguration _config;
 		private KSP.IO.PluginConfiguration config
@@ -69,23 +153,79 @@
 			this.configWindowPos = new Rect(Screen.width / 4, Screen.height / 2, 180, 15);
 
 
-			this.configWindowPos = this.LoadConfigValue("configWindowPos", this.configWindowPos);
-
-			ARConfiguration.RequireLineOfSight = this.LoadConfigValue("requireLineOfSight", false);
-
-			ARConfiguration.RadiusRatio = (1 - this.LoadConfigValue("graceRatio", .05d));
+			this.configWindowPos = this.LoadConfigValue(WINDOW_POS_KEY, this.configWindowPos);
+
+			ARConfiguration.RequireLineOfSight = this.LoadConfigValue(REQUIRE_LOS_KEY, false);
+
+			ARConfiguration.RadiusRatio = (1 - this.LoadConfigValue(GRACE_RATIO_KEY, .05d));
 			ARConfiguration.RadiusRatio *= ARConfiguration.RadiusRatio;
 
 			ARConfiguration.RequireConnectionForControl =
-				this.LoadConfigValue("requireConnectionForControl", false);
-
-			ARConfiguration.FixedPowerCost = this.LoadConfigValue("fixedPowerCost", false);
+				this.LoadConfigValue(REQUIRE_PROBE_CONNECTION_KEY, false);
+
+			ARConfiguration.FixedPowerCost = this.LoadConfigValue(FIXED_POWER_KEY, false);
+
+			ARConfiguration.PrettyLines = this.LoadConfigValue(PRETTY_LINES_KEY, true);
+
+			ARConfiguration.UpdateDelay = this.LoadConfigValue(UPDATE_DELAY_KEY, 16L);
+
+			ARConfiguration.UseAdditiveRanges = this.LoadConfigValue(USE_ADDITIVE_KEY, true);
+
+			this.updateDelayStr = ARConfiguration.UpdateDelay.ToString();
 
 			GameEvents.onGameSceneLoadRequested.Add(this.onSceneChangeRequested);
+			GameEvents.OnKSCFacilityUpgraded.Add(this.onFacilityUpgraded);
 
 			Debug.Log(string.Format("{0} v{1} - ARConfiguration loaded!", this.GetType().Name, this.runningVersion));
 
+			ConfigNode[] tsRangeNodes = GameDatabase.Instance.GetConfigNodes(TRACKING_STATION_RANGES_KEY);
+
+			if (tsRangeNodes.Length > 0)
+			{
+				string[] rangeValues = tsRangeNodes[0].GetValues(RANGE_KEY);
+
+				this.trackingStationRanges = new double[rangeValues.Length];
+
+				for (int idx = 0; idx < rangeValues.Length; idx++)
+				{
+					if (!double.TryParse(rangeValues[idx], out this.trackingStationRanges[idx]))
+					{
+						this.LogError("Could not parse value '{0}' to double; Tracking Station ranges may not work!");
+						this.trackingStationRanges[idx] = 0d;
+					}
+				}
+
+				this.Log("Loaded Tracking Station ranges from config: [{0}]", this.trackingStationRanges.SPrint());
+			}
+			else
+			{
+				this.trackingStationRanges = new double[]
+				{
+					51696576d,
+					37152180000d,
+					224770770000d
+				};
+
+				this.LogWarning("Failed to load Tracking Station ranges from config, using hard-coded values: [{0}]",
+					this.trackingStationRanges.SPrint());
+			}
+
+			this.runOnce = true;
+
 			Tools.PostDebugMessage(this, "Awake.");
+		}
+
+		public void Update()
+		{
+			if (
+				this.runOnce &&
+				(ScenarioUpgradeableFacilities.Instance != null || HighLogic.CurrentGame.Mode != Game.Modes.CAREER)
+			)
+			{
+				this.runOnce = false;
+
+				this.SetKerbinRelayRange();
+			}
 		}
 
 		public void OnGUI()
@@ -138,7 +278,7 @@
 				if (configPos != this.configWindowPos)
 				{
 					this.configWindowPos = configPos;
-					this.SaveConfigValue("configWindowPos", this.configWindowPos);
+					this.SaveConfigValue(WINDOW_POS_KEY, this.configWindowPos);
 				}
 			}
 		}
@@ -153,7 +293,7 @@
 			if (requireLineOfSight != ARConfiguration.RequireLineOfSight)
 			{
 				ARConfiguration.RequireLineOfSight = requireLineOfSight;
-				this.SaveConfigValue("requireLineOfSight", requireLineOfSight);
+				this.SaveConfigValue(REQUIRE_LOS_KEY, requireLineOfSight);
 			}
 
 			GUILayout.EndHorizontal();
@@ -168,7 +308,7 @@
 			if (requireConnectionForControl != ARConfiguration.RequireConnectionForControl)
 			{
 				ARConfiguration.RequireConnectionForControl = requireConnectionForControl;
-				this.SaveConfigValue("requireConnectionForControl", requireConnectionForControl);
+				this.SaveConfigValue(REQUIRE_PROBE_CONNECTION_KEY, requireConnectionForControl);
 			}
 
 			GUILayout.EndHorizontal();
@@ -179,10 +319,48 @@
 			if (fixedPowerCost != ARConfiguration.FixedPowerCost)
 			{
 				ARConfiguration.FixedPowerCost = fixedPowerCost;
-				this.SaveConfigValue("fixedPowerCost", fixedPowerCost);
-			}
-
-			GUILayout.EndHorizontal();
+				this.SaveConfigValue(FIXED_POWER_KEY, fixedPowerCost);
+			}
+
+			GUILayout.EndHorizontal();
+
+			GUILayout.BeginHorizontal();
+
+			bool useAdditive = GUITools.Toggle(ARConfiguration.UseAdditiveRanges, "Use Additive Ranges");
+			if (useAdditive != ARConfiguration.UseAdditiveRanges)
+			{
+				ARConfiguration.UseAdditiveRanges = useAdditive;
+				this.SaveConfigValue(USE_ADDITIVE_KEY, useAdditive);
+			}
+
+			GUILayout.EndHorizontal();
+
+			GUILayout.BeginHorizontal();
+
+			bool prettyLines = GUITools.Toggle(ARConfiguration.PrettyLines, "Draw Pretty Lines");
+			if (prettyLines != ARConfiguration.PrettyLines)
+			{
+				ARConfiguration.PrettyLines = prettyLines;
+				this.SaveConfigValue(PRETTY_LINES_KEY, prettyLines);
+			}
+
+			GUILayout.EndHorizontal();
+
+			GUILayout.BeginHorizontal();
+
+			GUILayout.Label("Update Delay", GUILayout.ExpandWidth(false));
+
+			this.updateDelayStr = GUILayout.TextField(this.updateDelayStr, 4, GUILayout.Width(40f));
+
+			GUILayout.Label("ms", GUILayout.ExpandWidth(false));
+
+			GUILayout.EndHorizontal();
+
+			if (this.updateDelayStr.Length > 1 && long.TryParse(this.updateDelayStr, out this.updateDelay))
+			{
+				ARConfiguration.UpdateDelay = Math.Min(Math.Max(this.updateDelay, 16), 2500);
+				this.updateDelayStr = ARConfiguration.UpdateDelay.ToString();
+			}
 
 			if (requireLineOfSight)
 			{
@@ -203,7 +381,7 @@
 				if (newRatio != graceRatio)
 				{
 					ARConfiguration.RadiusRatio = (1d - newRatio) * (1d - newRatio);
-					this.SaveConfigValue("graceRatio", newRatio);
+					this.SaveConfigValue(GRACE_RATIO_KEY, newRatio);
 				}
 
 				GUILayout.EndHorizontal();
@@ -217,19 +395,22 @@
 		public void OnDestroy()
 		{
 			GameEvents.onGameSceneLoadRequested.Remove(this.onSceneChangeRequested);
+			GameEvents.OnKSCFacilityUpgraded.Remove(this.onFacilityUpgraded);
 
 			if (this.toolbarButton != null)
 			{
 				this.toolbarButton.Destroy();
+				this.toolbarButton = null;
 			}
 
 			if (this.appLauncherButton != null)
 			{
 				ApplicationLauncher.Instance.RemoveModApplication(this.appLauncherButton);
-			}
-		}
-
-		protected void onSceneChangeRequested(GameScenes scene)
+				this.appLauncherButton = null;
+			}
+		}
+
+		private void onSceneChangeRequested(GameScenes scene)
 		{
 			if (scene != GameScenes.SPACECENTER)
 			{
@@ -238,9 +419,46 @@
 			}
 		}
 
+		private void onFacilityUpgraded(Upgradeables.UpgradeableFacility fac, int lvl)
+		{
+			if (fac.id == "SpaceCenter/TrackingStation")
+			{
+				this.Log("Caught onFacilityUpgraded for {0} at level {1}", fac.id, lvl);
+				this.SetKerbinRelayRange();
+			}
+		}
+
+		private void SetKerbinRelayRange()
+		{
+			int tsLevel;
+
+			if (HighLogic.CurrentGame.Mode == Game.Modes.CAREER)
+			{
+				tsLevel = ScenarioUpgradeableFacilities.protoUpgradeables["SpaceCenter/TrackingStation"]
+					.facilityRefs[0].FacilityLevel;
+			
+
+			}
+			else
+			{
+				tsLevel = this.trackingStationRanges.Length - 1;
+			}
+
+			if (tsLevel < this.trackingStationRanges.Length && tsLevel >= 0)
+			{
+				KerbinRelayRange = this.trackingStationRanges[tsLevel];
+				this.Log("Setting Kerbin's range to {0}", KerbinRelayRange);
+			}
+			else
+			{
+				this.LogError("Could not set Kerbin's range with invalid Tracking Station level {0}", tsLevel);
+			}
+		}
+
 		private void toggleConfigWindow()
 		{
 			this.showConfigWindow = !this.showConfigWindow;
+			this.updateDelayStr = ARConfiguration.UpdateDelay.ToString();
 		}
 
 		private T LoadConfigValue<T>(string key, T defaultValue)

--- a/ARFlightController.cs
+++ b/ARFlightController.cs
@@ -26,6 +26,8 @@
 // WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE
 // OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 
+#pragma warning disable 1591
+
 using KSP;
 using System;
 using System.Collections.Generic;
@@ -37,31 +39,41 @@
 	[KSPAddon(KSPAddon.Startup.Flight, false)]
 	public class ARFlightController : MonoBehaviour
 	{
+		#region Static
+		private static List<IAntennaRelay> usefulRelays;
+		public static IList<IAntennaRelay> UsefulRelays;
+		#endregion
+
 		#region Fields
-		protected Dictionary<ConnectionStatus, string> connectionTextures;
-		protected Dictionary<ConnectionStatus, Texture> appLauncherTextures;
-
-		protected IButton toolbarButton;
-
-		protected ApplicationLauncherButton appLauncherButton;
+		private Dictionary<ConnectionStatus, string> toolbarTextures;
+		private Dictionary<ConnectionStatus, Texture> appLauncherTextures;
+
+		private ARMapRenderer mapRenderer;
+
+		private IButton toolbarButton;
+
+		private ApplicationLauncherButton appLauncherButton;
+		private Tools.DebugLogger log;
+
+		private System.Diagnostics.Stopwatch updateTimer;
 		#endregion
 
 		#region Properties
 		public ConnectionStatus currentConnectionStatus
 		{
 			get;
-			protected set;
-		}
-
-		protected string currentConnectionTexture
-		{
-			get
-			{
-				return this.connectionTextures[this.currentConnectionStatus];
-			}
-		}
-
-		protected Texture currentAppLauncherTexture
+			private set;
+		}
+
+		private string currentConnectionTexture
+		{
+			get
+			{
+				return this.toolbarTextures[this.currentConnectionStatus];
+			}
+		}
+
+		private Texture currentAppLauncherTexture
 		{
 			get
 			{
@@ -85,7 +97,7 @@
 		public string lockID
 		{
 			get;
-			protected set;
+			private set;
 		}
 
 		public ControlTypes lockSet
@@ -111,15 +123,19 @@
 		#endregion
 
 		#region MonoBehaviour LifeCycle
-		protected void Awake()
+		private void Awake()
 		{
 			this.lockID = "ARConnectionRequired";
 
-			this.connectionTextures = new Dictionary<ConnectionStatus, string>();
-
-			this.connectionTextures[ConnectionStatus.None] = "AntennaRange/Textures/toolbarIconNoConnection";
-			this.connectionTextures[ConnectionStatus.Suboptimal] = "AntennaRange/Textures/toolbarIconSubOptimal";
-			this.connectionTextures[ConnectionStatus.Optimal] = "AntennaRange/Textures/toolbarIcon";
+			this.log = Tools.DebugLogger.New(this);
+
+			this.updateTimer = new System.Diagnostics.Stopwatch();
+
+			this.toolbarTextures = new Dictionary<ConnectionStatus, string>();
+
+			this.toolbarTextures[ConnectionStatus.None] = "AntennaRange/Textures/toolbarIconNoConnection";
+			this.toolbarTextures[ConnectionStatus.Suboptimal] = "AntennaRange/Textures/toolbarIconSubOptimal";
+			this.toolbarTextures[ConnectionStatus.Optimal] = "AntennaRange/Textures/toolbarIcon";
 
 			this.appLauncherTextures = new Dictionary<ConnectionStatus, Texture>();
 
@@ -134,27 +150,22 @@
 			{
 				this.toolbarButton = ToolbarManager.Instance.add("AntennaRange", "ARConnectionStatus");
 
-				this.toolbarButton.TexturePath = this.connectionTextures[ConnectionStatus.None];
+				this.toolbarButton.TexturePath = this.toolbarTextures[ConnectionStatus.None];
 				this.toolbarButton.Text = "AntennaRange";
 				this.toolbarButton.Visibility = new GameScenesVisibility(GameScenes.FLIGHT);
-				this.toolbarButton.Enabled = false;
+				this.toolbarButton.OnClick += (e) => (this.buttonToggle());
 			}
 
 			GameEvents.onGameSceneLoadRequested.Add(this.onSceneChangeRequested);
 			GameEvents.onVesselChange.Add(this.onVesselChange);
-		}
-
-		protected void FixedUpdate()
-		{
-			if (this.appLauncherButton == null && !ToolbarManager.ToolbarAvailable && ApplicationLauncher.Ready)
-			{
-				this.appLauncherButton = ApplicationLauncher.Instance.AddModApplication(
-					ApplicationLauncher.AppScenes.FLIGHT,
-					this.appLauncherTextures[ConnectionStatus.None]
-				);
-			}
-
-			Tools.DebugLogger log = Tools.DebugLogger.New(this);
+
+			usefulRelays = new List<IAntennaRelay>();
+			UsefulRelays = usefulRelays.AsReadOnly();
+		}
+
+		private void FixedUpdate()
+		{
+			this.log.Clear();
 
 			VesselCommand availableCommand;
 
@@ -203,99 +214,121 @@
 				InputLockManager.RemoveControlLock(this.lockID);
 			}
 
-			if (
-				(this.toolbarButton != null || this.appLauncherButton != null) &&
-				HighLogic.LoadedSceneIsFlight &&
-				FlightGlobals.ActiveVessel != null
-			)
-			{
-				log.Append("Checking vessel relay status.\n");
-
-				List<ModuleLimitedDataTransmitter> relays =
-					FlightGlobals.ActiveVessel.getModulesOfType<ModuleLimitedDataTransmitter>();
-
-				log.AppendFormat("\t...found {0} relays\n", relays.Count);
-
-				bool vesselCanTransmit = false;
-				bool vesselHasOptimalRelay = false;
-
-				foreach (ModuleLimitedDataTransmitter relay in relays)
-				{
-					log.AppendFormat("\tvesselCanTransmit: {0}, vesselHasOptimalRelay: {1}\n",
-						vesselCanTransmit, vesselHasOptimalRelay);
-
-					log.AppendFormat("\tChecking relay {0}\n" +
-						"\t\tCanTransmit: {1}, transmitDistance: {2}, nominalRange: {3}\n",
-						relay,
-						relay.CanTransmit(),
-						relay.transmitDistance,
-						relay.nominalRange
-					);
-
-					bool relayCanTransmit = relay.CanTransmit();
-
-					if (!vesselCanTransmit && relayCanTransmit)
+			log.Print();
+		}
+
+		private void Update()
+		{
+			if (MapView.MapIsEnabled && this.mapRenderer == null)
+			{
+				this.mapRenderer = MapView.MapCamera.gameObject.AddComponent<ARMapRenderer>();
+			}
+
+			if (this.toolbarButton != null)
+			{
+				this.toolbarButton.Enabled = MapView.MapIsEnabled;
+			}
+
+			if (this.appLauncherButton == null && !ToolbarManager.ToolbarAvailable && ApplicationLauncher.Ready)
+			{
+				this.appLauncherButton = ApplicationLauncher.Instance.AddModApplication(
+					this.buttonToggle, this.buttonToggle,
+					ApplicationLauncher.AppScenes.FLIGHT | ApplicationLauncher.AppScenes.MAPVIEW,
+					this.appLauncherTextures[ConnectionStatus.None]
+				);
+			}
+
+			if (!this.updateTimer.IsRunning || this.updateTimer.ElapsedMilliseconds > ARConfiguration.UpdateDelay)
+			{
+				this.updateTimer.Restart();
+			}
+			else
+			{
+				return;
+			}
+
+			this.log.Clear();
+
+			if (HighLogic.LoadedSceneIsFlight && FlightGlobals.ready && FlightGlobals.ActiveVessel != null)
+			{
+				Vessel vessel;
+				IAntennaRelay relay;
+				IList<IAntennaRelay> activeVesselRelays;
+
+				usefulRelays.Clear();
+
+				for (int vIdx = 0; vIdx < FlightGlobals.Vessels.Count; vIdx++)
+				{
+					vessel = FlightGlobals.Vessels[vIdx];
+
+					if (vessel == null || vessel == FlightGlobals.ActiveVessel)
 					{
-						vesselCanTransmit = true;
+						continue;
 					}
 
-					if (!vesselHasOptimalRelay &&
-						relayCanTransmit &&
-						relay.transmitDistance <= (double)relay.nominalRange)
+					log.AppendFormat("Fetching best relay for vessel {0}", vessel);
+
+					relay = vessel.GetBestRelay();
+
+					if (relay != null)
 					{
-						vesselHasOptimalRelay = true;
+						log.AppendFormat("Finding nearest relay for best relay {0}", relay);
+
+						usefulRelays.Add(relay);
+						relay.FindNearestRelay();
 					}
-
-					if (vesselCanTransmit && vesselHasOptimalRelay)
+				}
+
+				activeVesselRelays = RelayDatabase.Instance[FlightGlobals.ActiveVessel];
+				for (int rIdx = 0; rIdx < activeVesselRelays.Count; rIdx++)
+				{
+					relay = activeVesselRelays[rIdx];
+
+					relay.FindNearestRelay();
+				}
+
+				usefulRelays.Add(RelayDatabase.Instance.GetBestVesselRelay(FlightGlobals.ActiveVessel));
+
+				if (this.toolbarButton != null || this.appLauncherButton != null)
+				{
+					log.Append("Checking vessel relay status.\n");
+
+					this.currentConnectionStatus = FlightGlobals.ActiveVessel.GetConnectionStatus();
+
+					log.AppendFormat("currentConnectionStatus: {0}, setting texture to {1}",
+						this.currentConnectionStatus, this.currentConnectionTexture);
+
+					if (this.toolbarButton != null)
 					{
-						break;
+						this.toolbarButton.TexturePath = this.currentConnectionTexture;
+
+						if (this.currentConnectionStatus == ConnectionStatus.None)
+						{
+							if (!this.toolbarButton.Important) this.toolbarButton.Important = true;
+						}
+						else
+						{
+							if (this.toolbarButton.Important) this.toolbarButton.Important = false;
+						}
 					}
-				}
-
-				log.AppendFormat("Done checking.  vesselCanTransmit: {0}, vesselHasOptimalRelay: {1}\n",
-					vesselCanTransmit, vesselHasOptimalRelay);
-
-				if (vesselHasOptimalRelay)
-				{
-					this.currentConnectionStatus = ConnectionStatus.Optimal;
-				}
-				else if (vesselCanTransmit)
-				{
-					this.currentConnectionStatus = ConnectionStatus.Suboptimal;
-				}
-				else
-				{
-					this.currentConnectionStatus = ConnectionStatus.None;
-				}
-
-				log.AppendFormat("currentConnectionStatus: {0}, setting texture to {1}",
-					this.currentConnectionStatus, this.currentConnectionTexture);
-
-				if (this.toolbarButton != null)
-				{
-					this.toolbarButton.TexturePath = this.currentConnectionTexture;
-
-					if (this.currentConnectionStatus == ConnectionStatus.None)
+					if (this.appLauncherButton != null)
 					{
-						this.toolbarButton.Important = true;
+						this.appLauncherButton.SetTexture(this.currentAppLauncherTexture);
 					}
-					else
-					{
-						this.toolbarButton.Important = false;
-					}
-				}
-				if (this.appLauncherButton != null)
-				{
-					this.appLauncherButton.SetTexture(this.currentAppLauncherTexture);
 				}
 			}
 
 			log.Print();
 		}
 
-		protected void OnDestroy()
+		private void OnDestroy()
 		{
 			InputLockManager.RemoveControlLock(this.lockID);
+
+			if (this.mapRenderer != null)
+			{
+				GameObject.Destroy(this.mapRenderer);
+			}
 
 			if (this.toolbarButton != null)
 			{
@@ -315,25 +348,26 @@
 		}
 		#endregion
 
+		private void buttonToggle()
+		{
+			if (MapView.MapIsEnabled)
+			{
+				ARConfiguration.PrettyLines = !ARConfiguration.PrettyLines;
+			}
+		}
+
 		#region Event Handlers
-		protected void onSceneChangeRequested(GameScenes scene)
+		private void onSceneChangeRequested(GameScenes scene)
 		{
 			print("ARFlightController: Requesting Destruction.");
 			MonoBehaviour.Destroy(this);
 		}
 
-		protected void onVesselChange(Vessel vessel)
+		private void onVesselChange(Vessel vessel)
 		{
 			InputLockManager.RemoveControlLock(this.lockID);
 		}
 		#endregion
-
-		public enum ConnectionStatus
-		{
-			None,
-			Suboptimal,
-			Optimal
-		}
 	}
 }
 

file:b/ARMapRenderer.cs (new)
--- /dev/null
+++ b/ARMapRenderer.cs
@@ -1,1 +1,328 @@
-
+// AntennaRange
+//
+// ARMapRenderer.cs
+//
+// Copyright © 2014-2015, toadicus
+// All rights reserved.
+//
+// Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without modification,
+// are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
+//
+// 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice,
+//    this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
+//
+// 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice,
+//    this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation and/or other
+//    materials provided with the distribution.
+//
+// 3. Neither the name of the copyright holder nor the names of its contributors may be used
+//    to endorse or promote products derived from this software without specific prior written permission.
+//
+// THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES,
+// INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE
+// DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT HOLDER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
+// SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR
+// SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY,
+// WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE
+// OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
+
+#pragma warning disable 1591
+
+using KSP;
+using System;
+using System.Collections.Generic;
+using ToadicusTools;
+using UnityEngine;
+
+namespace AntennaRange
+{
+	public class ARMapRenderer : MonoBehaviour
+	{
+		#if BENCH
+		private static ulong updateCount = 0u;
+		private static ulong updateTimer = 0u;
+		private readonly static RollingAverage averager = new RollingAverage();
+		private static long twiceAverageTime = long.MaxValue;
+		#endif
+
+		#region Fields
+		private Dictionary<Guid, LineRenderer> vesselLineRenderers;
+
+		// Debug Stuff
+		#pragma warning disable 649
+		private System.Diagnostics.Stopwatch timer;
+		private Tools.DebugLogger log;
+		private long relayStart;
+		private long start;
+		#pragma warning restore 649
+
+		#pragma warning disable 414
+		private Color thisColor;
+		#pragma warning restore 414
+		#endregion
+
+		#region Properties
+		public LineRenderer this[Guid idx]
+		{
+			get
+			{
+				LineRenderer lr;
+
+				if (!this.vesselLineRenderers.TryGetValue(idx, out lr))
+				{
+					GameObject obj = new GameObject();
+					obj.layer = 31;
+
+					lr = obj.AddComponent<LineRenderer>();
+
+					// lr.SetColors(Color.green, Color.green);
+					lr.material = MapView.OrbitLinesMaterial;
+					// lr.SetVertexCount(2);
+
+					this.vesselLineRenderers[idx] = lr;
+
+					return lr;
+				}
+
+				return lr;
+			}
+		}
+		#endregion
+
+		#region MonoBehaviour Lifecycle
+		private void Awake()
+		{
+			if (ARConfiguration.PrettyLines)
+			{
+				this.vesselLineRenderers = new Dictionary<Guid, LineRenderer>();
+			}
+
+			#if DEBUG || BENCH
+			this.timer = new System.Diagnostics.Stopwatch();
+			#endif
+			#if DEBUG
+			this.log = Tools.DebugLogger.New(this);
+			#endif
+		}
+
+		private void OnPreCull()
+		{
+			if (!HighLogic.LoadedSceneIsFlight || !MapView.MapIsEnabled || !ARConfiguration.PrettyLines)
+			{
+				this.Cleanup(!HighLogic.LoadedSceneIsFlight);
+
+				return;
+			}
+
+			#if DEBUG || BENCH
+			timer.Restart();
+			#endif
+
+			try
+			{
+				log.Clear();
+
+				log.AppendFormat("OnPreCull.\n");
+
+				log.AppendFormat("\tMapView: Draw3DLines: {0}\n" +
+					"\tMapView.MapCamera.camera.fieldOfView: {1}\n" +
+					"\tMapView.MapCamera.Distance: {2}\n",
+					MapView.Draw3DLines,
+					MapView.MapCamera.camera.fieldOfView,
+					MapView.MapCamera.Distance
+				);
+
+				log.AppendLine("FlightGlobals ready and Vessels list not null.");
+
+				IAntennaRelay relay;
+
+				for (int i = 0; i < ARFlightController.UsefulRelays.Count; i++)
+				{
+					relay = ARFlightController.UsefulRelays[i];
+
+					if (relay == null)
+					{
+						log.AppendFormat("\n\tGot null relay, skipping");
+						continue;
+					}
+
+					log.AppendFormat("\n\tDrawing pretty lines for useful relay {0}", relay);
+					
+					#if DEBUG
+					start = timer.ElapsedMilliseconds;
+					#endif
+
+					this.SetRelayVertices(relay);
+
+					log.AppendFormat("\n\tSet relay vertices for {0} in {1}ms",
+						relay, timer.ElapsedMilliseconds - start);
+				}
+			}
+			catch (Exception ex)
+			{
+				this.LogError("Caught {0}: {1}\n{2}\n", ex.GetType().Name, ex.ToString(), ex.StackTrace.ToString());
+				this.Cleanup(false);
+			}
+			#if DEBUG
+			finally
+			{
+				log.AppendFormat("\n\tOnPreCull finished in {0}ms\n", timer.ElapsedMilliseconds);
+
+				log.Print();
+			}
+			#endif
+
+			#if BENCH
+			ARMapRenderer.updateCount++;
+			ARMapRenderer.updateTimer += (ulong)this.timer.ElapsedTicks;
+
+			if (ARMapRenderer.updateCount >= (ulong)(8d / Time.smoothDeltaTime))
+			{
+				ARMapRenderer.averager.AddItem((double)ARMapRenderer.updateTimer / (double)ARMapRenderer.updateCount);
+				ARMapRenderer.updateTimer = 0u;
+				ARMapRenderer.updateCount = 0u;
+				ARMapRenderer.twiceAverageTime = (long)(ARMapRenderer.averager.Average * 2d);
+			}
+
+			if (this.timer.ElapsedTicks > ARMapRenderer.twiceAverageTime)
+			{
+				this.Log("PreCull took significant longer than usual ({0:S3}s vs {1:S3}s)",
+					(double)this.timer.ElapsedTicks / (double)System.Diagnostics.Stopwatch.Frequency,
+					ARMapRenderer.averager.Average / (double)System.Diagnostics.Stopwatch.Frequency
+				);
+			}
+			#endif
+		}
+
+		private void OnDestroy()
+		{
+			this.Cleanup(true);
+
+			this.Log("Destroyed");
+		}
+		#endregion
+
+		#region Utility
+		private void SetRelayVertices(IAntennaRelay relay)
+		{
+			log.AppendFormat("\n\t\tDrawing line for relay chain starting at {0}.", relay);
+
+			if (relay.vessel == null)
+			{
+				log.Append("\n\t\tvessel is null, bailing out");
+				return;
+			}
+
+			LineRenderer renderer = this[relay.vessel.id];
+			Vector3d start = ScaledSpace.LocalToScaledSpace(relay.vessel.GetWorldPos3D());
+
+			float lineWidth;
+			float d = Screen.height / 2f + 0.01f;
+
+			if (MapView.Draw3DLines)
+			{
+				lineWidth = 0.005859375f * MapView.MapCamera.Distance;
+			}
+			else
+			{
+				lineWidth = 2f;
+
+				start = MapView.MapCamera.camera.WorldToScreenPoint(start);
+
+				start.z = start.z >= 0f ? d : -d;
+			}
+
+			renderer.SetWidth(lineWidth, lineWidth);
+
+			renderer.SetPosition(0, start);
+
+			int idx = 0;
+
+			#if DEBUG
+			relayStart = timer.ElapsedMilliseconds;
+			#endif
+
+			Vector3d nextPoint;
+
+			renderer.enabled = true;
+
+			if (!relay.CanTransmit())
+			{
+				thisColor = Color.red;
+			}
+			else
+			{
+				if (relay.LinkStatus == ConnectionStatus.Optimal)
+				{
+					thisColor = Color.green;
+				}
+				else
+				{
+					thisColor = Color.yellow;
+				}
+			}
+
+			if (relay.KerbinDirect)
+			{
+				nextPoint = ScaledSpace.LocalToScaledSpace(AntennaRelay.Kerbin.position);
+			}
+			else
+			{
+				if (relay.targetRelay == null || relay.targetRelay.vessel == null)
+				{
+					this.LogError(
+						"SetRelayVertices: relay {0} has null target relay or vessel when not KerbinDirect, bailing out!",
+						relay
+					);
+
+					renderer.enabled = false;
+					return;
+				}
+
+				nextPoint = ScaledSpace.LocalToScaledSpace(relay.targetRelay.vessel.GetWorldPos3D());
+			}
+
+			renderer.SetColors(thisColor, thisColor);
+
+			if (!MapView.Draw3DLines)
+			{
+				nextPoint = MapView.MapCamera.camera.WorldToScreenPoint(nextPoint);
+				nextPoint.z = nextPoint.z >= 0f ? d : -d;
+			}
+
+			idx++;
+
+			renderer.SetVertexCount(idx + 1);
+			renderer.SetPosition(idx, nextPoint);
+
+			log.AppendFormat("\n\t\t\t...finished segment in {0} ms", timer.ElapsedMilliseconds - relayStart);
+		}
+
+		private void Cleanup(bool freeObjects)
+		{
+			if (this.vesselLineRenderers != null && this.vesselLineRenderers.Count > 0)
+			{
+				IEnumerator<LineRenderer> enumerator = this.vesselLineRenderers.Values.GetEnumerator();
+				LineRenderer lineRenderer;
+
+				while (enumerator.MoveNext())
+				{
+					lineRenderer = enumerator.Current;
+					lineRenderer.enabled = false;
+
+					if (freeObjects)
+					{
+						GameObject.Destroy(lineRenderer.gameObject);
+					}
+				}
+
+				if (freeObjects)
+				{
+					this.vesselLineRenderers.Clear();
+				}
+			}
+		}
+		#endregion
+	}
+}
+

--- a/AntennaRange.csproj
+++ b/AntennaRange.csproj
@@ -40,6 +40,7 @@
         <Command type="AfterBuild" command="xcopy /y ${TargetFile} ${ProjectDir}\GameData\AntennaRange\" />
       </CustomCommands>
     </CustomCommands>
+    <DocumentationFile>bin\Release\AntennaRange.xml</DocumentationFile>
   </PropertyGroup>
   <PropertyGroup Condition=" '$(Configuration)|$(Platform)' == 'Debug_linux|AnyCPU' ">
     <DebugSymbols>true</DebugSymbols>
@@ -78,6 +79,7 @@
     <Compile Include="RelayExtensions.cs" />
     <Compile Include="ARConfiguration.cs" />
     <Compile Include="ARFlightController.cs" />
+    <Compile Include="ARMapRenderer.cs" />
   </ItemGroup>
   <Import Project="$(MSBuildBinPath)\Microsoft.CSharp.targets" />
   <ItemGroup>

--- a/AntennaRelay.cs
+++ b/AntennaRelay.cs
@@ -28,21 +28,55 @@
 
 using System;
 using System.Collections.Generic;
-using System.Linq;
 using ToadicusTools;
 
 namespace AntennaRange
 {
+	/// <summary>
+	/// Relay code at the heart of AntennaRange
+	/// </summary>
 	public class AntennaRelay
 	{
 		// We don't have a Bard, so we'll hide Kerbin here.
-		protected CelestialBody Kerbin;
-
-		protected IAntennaRelay _nearestRelayCache;
+		private static CelestialBody _Kerbin;
+
+		/// <summary>
+		/// Fetches, caches, and returns a <see cref="CelestialBody"/> reference to Kerbin
+		/// </summary>
+		public static CelestialBody Kerbin
+		{
+			get
+			{
+				if (_Kerbin == null && FlightGlobals.ready)
+				{
+					_Kerbin = FlightGlobals.GetHomeBody();
+				}
+
+				return _Kerbin;
+			}
+		}
+
+		#if BENCH
+		private static ushort relayCount = 0;
+		private static ulong searchCount = 0u;
+		private static ulong searchTimer = 0u;
+		private readonly static RollingAverage averager = new RollingAverage(16);
+		private static long doubleAverageTime = long.MaxValue;
+
+
+		private System.Diagnostics.Stopwatch performanceTimer = new System.Diagnostics.Stopwatch();
+		#endif
+
+		private bool canTransmit;
+
+		private IAntennaRelay nearestRelay;
+		private IAntennaRelay bestOccludedRelay;
+
+		/// <summary>
+		/// The <see cref="AntennaRange.ModuleLimitedDataTransmitter"/> reference underlying this AntennaRelay, as an
+		/// <see cref="AntennaRange.IAntennaRelay"/>
+		/// </summary>
 		protected IAntennaRelay moduleRef;
-
-		protected System.Diagnostics.Stopwatch searchTimer;
-		protected long millisecondsBetweenSearches;
 
 		/// <summary>
 		/// Gets the parent Vessel.
@@ -57,80 +91,96 @@
 		}
 
 		/// <summary>
-		/// Gets or sets the nearest relay.
-		/// </summary>
-		/// <value>The nearest relay</value>
-		public IAntennaRelay nearestRelay
-		{
-			get
-			{
-				if (this.searchTimer.IsRunning &&
-					this.searchTimer.ElapsedMilliseconds > this.millisecondsBetweenSearches)
-				{
-					this._nearestRelayCache = this.FindNearestRelay();
-					this.searchTimer.Restart();
-				}
-
-				return this._nearestRelayCache;
-			}
-			protected set
-			{
-				this._nearestRelayCache = value;
-			}
-		}
-
-		/// <summary>
-		/// Gets the first <see cref="CelestialBody"/> found to be blocking line of sight.
-		/// </summary>
-		public virtual CelestialBody firstOccludingBody
+		/// Gets the target <see cref="AntennaRange.IAntennaRelay"/>relay.
+		/// </summary>
+		public IAntennaRelay targetRelay
 		{
 			get;
 			protected set;
 		}
 
 		/// <summary>
+		/// Gets a value indicating whether this <see cref="AntennaRange.IAntennaRelay"/> Relay is communicating
+		/// directly with Kerbin.
+		/// </summary>
+		public virtual bool KerbinDirect
+		{
+			get;
+			protected set;
+		}
+
+		/// <summary>
+		/// Gets or sets the nominal link distance, in meters.
+		/// </summary>
+		public virtual double NominalLinkSqrDistance
+		{
+			get;
+			protected set;
+		}
+
+		/// <summary>
+		/// Gets or sets the maximum link distance, in meters.
+		/// </summary>
+		public virtual double MaximumLinkSqrDistance
+		{
+			get;
+			protected set;
+		}
+
+		/// <summary>
+		/// Gets the first <see cref="CelestialBody"/> found to be blocking line of sight.
+		/// </summary>
+		public virtual CelestialBody firstOccludingBody
+		{
+			get;
+			protected set;
+		}
+
+		/// <summary>
 		/// Gets the transmit distance.
 		/// </summary>
 		/// <value>The transmit distance.</value>
-		public double transmitDistance
+		public double CurrentLinkSqrDistance
 		{
 			get
 			{
-				this.nearestRelay = this.FindNearestRelay();
-
-				// If there is no available relay nearby...
-				if (this.nearestRelay == null)
-				{
-					// .. return the distance to Kerbin
-					return this.DistanceTo(this.Kerbin);
+				if (this.KerbinDirect || this.targetRelay == null)
+				{
+					return this.SqrDistanceTo(Kerbin);
 				}
 				else
 				{
-					/// ...otherwise, return the distance to the nearest available relay.
-					return this.DistanceTo(nearestRelay);
-				}
-			}
-		}
-
-		/// <summary>
-		/// The maximum distance at which this relay can operate.
-		/// </summary>
-		/// <value>The max transmit distance.</value>
-		public virtual float maxTransmitDistance
+					return this.SqrDistanceTo(this.targetRelay);
+				}
+			}
+		}
+
+		/// <summary>
+		/// Gets or sets the link status.
+		/// </summary>
+		public virtual ConnectionStatus LinkStatus
+		{
+			get;
+			protected set;
+		}
+
+		/// <summary>
+		/// Gets the nominal transmit distance at which the Antenna behaves just as prescribed by Squad's config.
+		/// </summary>
+		public virtual double nominalTransmitDistance
 		{
 			get;
 			set;
 		}
 
 		/// <summary>
-		/// Gets a value indicating whether this <see cref="AntennaRange.ProtoDataTransmitter"/> has been checked during
-		/// the current relay attempt.
-		/// </summary>
-		/// <value><c>true</c> if relay checked; otherwise, <c>false</c>.</value>
-		public virtual bool relayChecked
+		/// The maximum distance at which this relay can operate.
+		/// </summary>
+		/// <value>The max transmit distance.</value>
+		public virtual double maxTransmitDistance
 		{
 			get;
-			protected set;
+			set;
 		}
 
 		/// <summary>
@@ -139,173 +189,701 @@
 		/// <returns><c>true</c> if this instance can transmit; otherwise, <c>false</c>.</returns>
 		public virtual bool CanTransmit()
 		{
-			CelestialBody fob = null;
-
-			if (
-				this.transmitDistance > this.maxTransmitDistance ||
-				(
-					ARConfiguration.RequireLineOfSight &&
-					this.nearestRelay == null &&
-					!this.vessel.hasLineOfSightTo(this.Kerbin, out fob, ARConfiguration.RadiusRatio)
-				)
-			)
-			{
-				this.firstOccludingBody = fob;
-				return false;
-			}
-			else
-			{
-				this.firstOccludingBody = null;
-				return true;
-			}
+			return this.canTransmit;
 		}
 
 		/// <summary>
 		/// Finds the nearest relay.
 		/// </summary>
 		/// <returns>The nearest relay or null, if no relays in range.</returns>
-		public IAntennaRelay FindNearestRelay()
-		{
-			if (this.searchTimer.IsRunning && this.searchTimer.ElapsedMilliseconds < this.millisecondsBetweenSearches)
-			{
-				return this.nearestRelay;
-			}
-
-			if (this.searchTimer.IsRunning)
-			{
-				this.searchTimer.Stop();
-				this.searchTimer.Reset();
-			}
-
-			this.searchTimer.Start();
-
-			Tools.PostDebugMessage(string.Format(
-				"{0}: finding nearest relay for {1} ({2})",
-				this.GetType().Name,
-				this,
-				this.vessel.id
-			));
-
+		public void FindNearestRelay()
+		{
+			if (!FlightGlobals.ready)
+			{
+				return;
+			}
+
+			Tools.DebugLogger log;
+			#if DEBUG
+			log = Tools.DebugLogger.New(this);
+			#endif
+
+			#if BENCH
+			this.performanceTimer.Restart();
+
+			long startVesselLoopTicks;
+			long totalVesselLoopTicks;
+
+			string slowestLOSVesselName = string.Empty;
+			long slowestLOSVesselTicks = long.MinValue;
+			long startLOSVesselTicks;
+			long totalLOSVesselTicks;
+
+			string slowestCircularVesselName = string.Empty;
+			long slowestCircularVesselTicks = long.MinValue;
+			long startCircularVesselTicks;
+			long totalCircularVesselTicks;
+
+			long startKerbinLOSTicks;
+			long totalKerbinLOSTicks;
+			long statusResolutionTicks;
+
+			ushort usefulVesselCount = 0;
+			#endif
+
+			log.AppendFormat("{0}: Target search started).", this.ToString());
+
+			#if DEBUG
+			try {
+			#endif
+
+			// Declare a bunch of variables we'll be using.
+			CelestialBody bodyOccludingBestOccludedRelay = null;
+			IAntennaRelay needle;
+
+			double nearestRelaySqrQuotient = double.PositiveInfinity;
+			double bestOccludedSqrQuotient = double.PositiveInfinity;
+
+			double potentialSqrDistance;
+			double maxLinkSqrDistance;
+			double potentialSqrQuotient;
+
+			double kerbinSqrDistance;
+			double kerbinSqrQuotient;
+
+			bool isCircular;
+			int iterCount;
+
+			// Blank everything we're trying to find before the search.
 			this.firstOccludingBody = null;
-
-			// Set this vessel as checked, so that we don't check it again.
-			RelayDatabase.Instance.CheckedVesselsTable[vessel.id] = true;
-
-			double nearestSqrDistance = double.PositiveInfinity;
-			IAntennaRelay _nearestRelay = null;
+			this.bestOccludedRelay = null;
+			this.targetRelay = null;
+			this.nearestRelay = null;
+
+			// Default to KerbinDirect = true in case something in here doesn't work right.
+			this.KerbinDirect = true;
 
 			/*
 			 * Loop through all the vessels and exclude this vessel, vessels of the wrong type, and vessels that are too
 			 * far away.  When we find a candidate, get through its antennae for relays which have not been checked yet
-			 * and that can transmit.  Once we find a suitable candidate, assign it to _nearestRelay for comparison
+			 * and that can transmit.  Once we find a suitable candidate, assign it to nearestRelay for comparison
 			 * against future finds.
 			 * */
-			foreach (Vessel potentialVessel in FlightGlobals.Vessels)
-			{
-				// Skip vessels that have already been checked for a nearest relay this pass.
-				if (RelayDatabase.Instance.CheckedVesselsTable.ContainsKey(potentialVessel.id))
-				{
+			// Vessel potentialVessel;
+			IAntennaRelay potentialBestRelay;
+			CelestialBody fob;
+
+			#if BENCH
+			startVesselLoopTicks = performanceTimer.ElapsedTicks;
+			#endif
+
+			for (int rIdx = 0; rIdx < ARFlightController.UsefulRelays.Count; rIdx++)
+			{
+				potentialBestRelay = ARFlightController.UsefulRelays[rIdx];
+				log.AppendFormat("\n\t\tgot best vessel relay {0}",
+					potentialBestRelay == null ? "null" : potentialBestRelay.ToString());
+
+				if (potentialBestRelay == null)
+				{
+					log.Append("\n\t\t...skipping null relay");
 					continue;
 				}
 
-				// Skip vessels of the wrong type.
-				switch (potentialVessel.vesselType)
-				{
-					case VesselType.Debris:
-					case VesselType.Flag:
-					case VesselType.EVA:
-					case VesselType.SpaceObject:
-					case VesselType.Unknown:
-						continue;
-					default:
-						break;
-				}
-
-				// Skip vessels with the wrong ID
-				if (potentialVessel.id == vessel.id)
+				if (potentialBestRelay == this || potentialBestRelay.vessel == this.vessel)
 				{
 					continue;
 				}
 
+				#if BENCH
+				usefulVesselCount++;
+				#endif
+
+				// Find the distance from here to the vessel...
+				log.Append("\n\tgetting distance to potential vessel");
+				potentialSqrDistance = this.SqrDistanceTo(potentialBestRelay);
+				log.Append("\n\tgetting best vessel relay");
+
+				log.Append("\n\tgetting max link distance to potential relay");
+
+				if (ARConfiguration.UseAdditiveRanges)
+				{
+					maxLinkSqrDistance = this.maxTransmitDistance * potentialBestRelay.maxTransmitDistance;
+				}
+				else
+				{
+					maxLinkSqrDistance = this.maxTransmitDistance * this.maxTransmitDistance;
+				}
+
+				log.AppendFormat("\n\tmax link distance: {0}", maxLinkSqrDistance);
+
+				potentialSqrQuotient = potentialSqrDistance / maxLinkSqrDistance;
+
+				#if BENCH
+				startLOSVesselTicks = performanceTimer.ElapsedTicks;
+				#endif
+
+				log.Append("\n\t\tdoing LOS check");
 				// Skip vessels to which we do not have line of sight.
-				CelestialBody fob = null;
-
-				if (ARConfiguration.RequireLineOfSight &&
-					!this.vessel.hasLineOfSightTo(potentialVessel, out fob, ARConfiguration.RadiusRatio))
-				{
-					this.firstOccludingBody = fob;
-					Tools.PostDebugMessage(
-						this,
-						"Vessel {0} discarded because we do not have line of sight.",
-						potentialVessel.vesselName
+				if (
+					ARConfiguration.RequireLineOfSight &&
+					!this.vessel.hasLineOfSightTo(potentialBestRelay.vessel, out fob, ARConfiguration.RadiusRatio)
+				)
+				{
+					#if BENCH
+					totalLOSVesselTicks = performanceTimer.ElapsedTicks - startLOSVesselTicks;
+
+					if (totalLOSVesselTicks > slowestLOSVesselTicks)
+					{
+						slowestLOSVesselTicks = totalLOSVesselTicks;
+						slowestLOSVesselName = vessel.vesselName;
+					}
+					#endif
+
+					log.Append("\n\t\t...failed LOS check");
+
+					log.AppendFormat("\n\t\t\t{0}: Relay {1} not in line of sight.",
+						this.ToString(), potentialBestRelay);
+					
+					log.AppendFormat("\n\t\t\tpotentialSqrDistance: {0}", potentialSqrDistance);
+					log.AppendFormat("\n\t\t\tbestOccludedSqrQuotient: {0}", bestOccludedSqrQuotient);
+					log.AppendFormat("\n\t\t\tmaxTransmitSqrDistance: {0}", maxLinkSqrDistance);
+
+					if (
+						(potentialSqrQuotient < bestOccludedSqrQuotient) &&
+						(potentialSqrQuotient <= 1d) &&
+						potentialBestRelay.CanTransmit()
+					)
+					{
+						log.Append("\n\t\t...vessel is close enough to and potentialBestRelay can transmit");
+						log.AppendFormat("\n\t\t...{0} found new best occluded relay {1}", this, potentialBestRelay);
+
+						this.bestOccludedRelay = potentialBestRelay;
+						bodyOccludingBestOccludedRelay = fob;
+						bestOccludedSqrQuotient = potentialSqrQuotient;
+					}
+					else
+					{
+						log.Append("\n\t\t...vessel is not close enough to check for occluded relays, carrying on");
+					}
+					
+					continue;
+				}
+				#if BENCH
+				else
+				{
+					totalLOSVesselTicks = performanceTimer.ElapsedTicks - startLOSVesselTicks;
+				}
+
+				if (totalLOSVesselTicks > slowestLOSVesselTicks)
+				{
+					slowestLOSVesselTicks = totalLOSVesselTicks;
+					slowestLOSVesselName = vessel.vesselName;
+				}
+				#endif
+
+				log.Append("\n\t\t...passed LOS check");
+
+				/*
+				 * ...so that we can skip the vessel if it is further away than a vessel we've already checked.
+				 * */
+				if (potentialSqrQuotient > nearestRelaySqrQuotient)
+				{
+					
+					log.AppendFormat("\n\t{0}: Relay {1} discarded because it is farther than another the nearest relay.",
+						this.ToString(),
+						potentialBestRelay
 					);
 					continue;
 				}
 
-				this.firstOccludingBody = null;
-
-				// Find the distance from here to the vessel...
-				double potentialSqrDistance = (potentialVessel.GetWorldPos3D() - vessel.GetWorldPos3D()).sqrMagnitude;
-
-				/*
-				 * ...so that we can skip the vessel if it is further away than Kerbin, our transmit distance, or a
-				 * vessel we've already checked.
-				 * */
-				if (
-					potentialSqrDistance > Tools.Min(
-						this.maxTransmitDistance * this.maxTransmitDistance,
-						nearestSqrDistance,
-						this.vessel.sqrDistanceTo(Kerbin)
-					)
-				)
-				{
-					Tools.PostDebugMessage(
-						this,
-						"Vessel {0} discarded because it is out of range, or farther than another relay.",
-						potentialVessel.vesselName
-					);
-					continue;
-				}
-
-				nearestSqrDistance = potentialSqrDistance;
-
-				foreach (IAntennaRelay potentialRelay in potentialVessel.GetAntennaRelays())
-				{
-					if (potentialRelay.CanTransmit())
-					{
-						_nearestRelay = potentialRelay;
-						Tools.PostDebugMessage(string.Format("{0}: found new best relay {1} ({2})",
-							this.GetType().Name,
-							_nearestRelay.ToString(),
-							_nearestRelay.vessel.id
-						));
-						break;
-					}
-				}
-			}
-
-			// Now that we're done with our recursive CanTransmit checks, flag this relay as not checked so it can be
-			// used next time.
-			RelayDatabase.Instance.CheckedVesselsTable.Remove(vessel.id);
-
-			// Return the nearest available relay, or null if there are no available relays nearby.
-			return _nearestRelay;
-		}
-
-		/// <summary>
-		/// Initializes a new instance of the <see cref="AntennaRange.ProtoDataTransmitter"/> class.
-		/// </summary>
-		/// <param name="ms"><see cref="ProtoPartModuleSnapshot"/></param>
+				log.Append("\n\t\t...passed distance check");
+
+				if (potentialBestRelay.CanTransmit())
+				{
+					#if BENCH
+					startCircularVesselTicks = performanceTimer.ElapsedTicks;
+					#endif
+
+					needle = potentialBestRelay;
+					isCircular = false;
+
+					iterCount = 0;
+					while (needle != null)
+					{
+						iterCount++;
+
+						if (needle.KerbinDirect)
+						{
+							break;
+						}
+
+						if (needle.targetRelay == null)
+						{
+							break;
+						}
+
+						if (needle.targetRelay.vessel == this.vessel || needle == this.moduleRef)
+						{
+							isCircular = true;
+							break;
+						}
+
+						// Avoid infinite loops when we're not catching things right.
+						if (iterCount > FlightGlobals.Vessels.Count)
+						{
+							Tools.PostErrorMessage(
+								"[{0}] iterCount exceeded while checking for circular network; assuming it is circular" +
+								"\n\tneedle={1}" +
+								"\n\tthis.moduleRef={2}",
+								this,
+								needle == null ? "null" : string.Format(
+									"{0}, needle.KerbinDirect={1}, needle.targetRelay={2}",
+									needle, needle.KerbinDirect, needle.targetRelay == null ? "null" : string.Format(
+										"{0}\n\tneedle.targetRelay.vessel={1}",
+										needle.targetRelay,
+										needle.targetRelay.vessel == null ?
+											"null" : needle.targetRelay.vessel.vesselName
+									)
+								),
+								this.moduleRef == null ? "null" : this.moduleRef.ToString()
+							);
+							isCircular = true;
+							break;
+						}
+
+						needle = needle.targetRelay;
+					}
+
+					if (!isCircular)
+					{
+						nearestRelaySqrQuotient = potentialSqrQuotient;
+						this.nearestRelay = potentialBestRelay;
+
+						log.AppendFormat("\n\t{0}: found new nearest relay {1} ({2}m²)",
+							this.ToString(),
+							this.nearestRelay.ToString(),
+							Math.Sqrt(nearestRelaySqrQuotient)
+						);
+					}
+					else
+					{
+						log.AppendFormat("\n\t\t...connection to {0} would result in a circular network, skipping",
+							potentialBestRelay
+						);
+					}
+
+					#if BENCH
+					totalCircularVesselTicks = performanceTimer.ElapsedTicks - startCircularVesselTicks;
+
+					if (totalCircularVesselTicks > slowestCircularVesselTicks)
+					{
+						slowestCircularVesselName = vessel.vesselName;
+						slowestCircularVesselTicks = totalCircularVesselTicks;
+					}
+
+					#endif
+				}
+			}
+
+			#if BENCH
+			totalVesselLoopTicks = performanceTimer.ElapsedTicks - startVesselLoopTicks;
+			#endif
+
+			CelestialBody bodyOccludingKerbin = null;
+
+			kerbinSqrDistance = this.vessel.DistanceTo(Kerbin) - Kerbin.Radius;
+			kerbinSqrDistance *= kerbinSqrDistance;
+
+			if (ARConfiguration.UseAdditiveRanges)
+			{
+				kerbinSqrQuotient = kerbinSqrDistance /
+					(this.maxTransmitDistance * ARConfiguration.KerbinRelayRange);
+			}
+			else
+			{
+				kerbinSqrQuotient = kerbinSqrDistance /
+					(this.maxTransmitDistance * this.maxTransmitDistance);
+			}
+
+			log.AppendFormat("\n{0} ({1}): Search done, figuring status.", this.ToString(), this.GetType().Name);
+			log.AppendFormat(
+				"\n{0}: nearestRelay={1} ({2}m²)), bestOccludedRelay={3} ({4}m²), kerbinSqrDistance={5}m²)",
+				this,
+				this.nearestRelay == null ? "null" : this.nearestRelay.ToString(),
+				nearestRelaySqrQuotient,
+				this.bestOccludedRelay == null ? "null" : this.bestOccludedRelay.ToString(),
+				bestOccludedSqrQuotient,
+				kerbinSqrDistance
+			);
+
+			#if BENCH
+			startKerbinLOSTicks = this.performanceTimer.ElapsedTicks;
+			#endif
+
+			// If we don't have LOS to Kerbin, focus on relays
+			if (
+				ARConfiguration.RequireLineOfSight &&
+				!this.vessel.hasLineOfSightTo(Kerbin, out bodyOccludingKerbin, ARConfiguration.RadiusRatio)
+			)
+			{
+				#if BENCH
+				totalKerbinLOSTicks = this.performanceTimer.ElapsedTicks - startKerbinLOSTicks;
+				#endif
+				log.AppendFormat("\n\tKerbin LOS is blocked by {0}.", bodyOccludingKerbin.bodyName);
+
+				// nearestRelaySqrDistance will be infinity if all relays are occluded or none exist.
+				// Therefore, this will only be true if a valid relay is in range.
+				if (nearestRelaySqrQuotient <= 1d)
+				{
+					log.AppendFormat("\n\t\tCan transmit to nearby relay {0} ({1} <= {2}).",
+						this.nearestRelay == null ? "null" : this.nearestRelay.ToString(),
+						nearestRelaySqrQuotient, 1d);
+
+					this.KerbinDirect = false;
+					this.canTransmit = true;
+					this.targetRelay = this.nearestRelay;
+				}
+				// If this isn't true, we can't transmit, but pick a second best of bestOccludedRelay and Kerbin anyway
+				else
+				{
+					log.AppendFormat("\n\t\tCan't transmit to nearby relay {0} ({1} > {2}).",
+						this.nearestRelay == null ? "null" : this.nearestRelay.ToString(),
+						nearestRelaySqrQuotient, 1d);
+
+					this.canTransmit = false;
+
+					// If the best occluded relay is closer than Kerbin, check it against the nearest relay.
+					// Since bestOccludedSqrDistance is infinity if there are no occluded relays, this is safe
+					if (bestOccludedSqrQuotient < kerbinSqrQuotient)
+					{
+						log.AppendFormat("\n\t\t\tBest occluded relay is closer than Kerbin ({0} < {1})",
+							bestOccludedRelay, kerbinSqrDistance);
+						
+						this.KerbinDirect = false;
+
+						// If the nearest relay is closer than the best occluded relay, pick it.
+						// Since nearestRelaySqrDistane is infinity if there are no nearby relays, this is safe.
+						if (nearestRelaySqrQuotient < bestOccludedSqrQuotient)
+						{
+							log.AppendFormat("\n\t\t\t\t...but the nearest relay is closer ({0} < {1}), so picking it.",
+								nearestRelaySqrQuotient, bestOccludedSqrQuotient);
+							
+							this.targetRelay = this.nearestRelay;
+							this.firstOccludingBody = null;
+						}
+						// Otherwise, target the best occluded relay.
+						else
+						{
+							log.AppendFormat("\n\t\t\t\t...and closer than the nearest relay ({0} >= {1}), so picking it.",
+								nearestRelaySqrQuotient, bestOccludedSqrQuotient);
+							
+							this.targetRelay = bestOccludedRelay;
+							this.firstOccludingBody = bodyOccludingBestOccludedRelay;
+						}
+					}
+					// Otherwise, check Kerbin against the nearest relay.
+					// Since we have LOS, blank the first occluding body.
+					else
+					{
+						log.AppendFormat("\n\t\t\tKerbin is closer than the best occluded relay ({0} >= {1})",
+							bestOccludedRelay, kerbinSqrDistance);
+						
+						// If the nearest relay is closer than Kerbin, pick it.
+						// Since nearestRelaySqrDistane is infinity if there are no nearby relays, this is safe.
+						if (nearestRelaySqrQuotient < kerbinSqrQuotient)
+						{
+							log.AppendFormat("\n\t\t\t\t...but the nearest relay is closer ({0} < {1}), so picking it.",
+								nearestRelaySqrQuotient, kerbinSqrQuotient);
+							
+							this.KerbinDirect = false;
+							this.firstOccludingBody = null;
+							this.targetRelay = this.nearestRelay;
+						}
+						// Otherwise, pick Kerbin.
+						else
+						{
+							log.AppendFormat("\n\t\t\t\t...and closer than the nearest relay ({0} >= {1}), so picking it.",
+								nearestRelaySqrQuotient, kerbinSqrQuotient);
+							
+							this.KerbinDirect = true;
+							this.firstOccludingBody = bodyOccludingKerbin;
+							this.targetRelay = null;
+						}
+					}
+				}
+			}
+			// If we do have LOS to Kerbin, try to prefer the closest of nearestRelay and Kerbin
+			else
+			{
+				#if BENCH
+				totalKerbinLOSTicks = this.performanceTimer.ElapsedTicks - startKerbinLOSTicks;
+				#endif
+
+				log.AppendFormat("\n\tKerbin is in LOS.");
+
+				// If the nearest relay is closer than Kerbin and in range, transmit to it.
+				if (nearestRelaySqrQuotient <= 1d)
+				{
+					log.AppendFormat("\n\t\tCan transmit to nearby relay {0} ({1} <= {2}).",
+						this.nearestRelay == null ? "null" : this.nearestRelay.ToString(),
+						nearestRelaySqrQuotient, 1d);
+
+					this.canTransmit = true;
+
+					// If the nearestRelay is closer than Kerbin, use it.
+					if (nearestRelaySqrQuotient < kerbinSqrQuotient)
+					{
+						log.AppendFormat("\n\t\t\tPicking relay {0} over Kerbin ({1} < {2}).",
+							this.nearestRelay == null ? "null" : this.nearestRelay.ToString(),
+							nearestRelaySqrQuotient, kerbinSqrQuotient);
+
+						this.KerbinDirect = false;
+						this.targetRelay = this.nearestRelay;
+					}
+					// Otherwise, Kerbin is closer, so use it.
+					else
+					{
+						log.AppendFormat("\n\t\t\tBut picking Kerbin over nearby relay {0} ({1} >= {2}).",
+							this.nearestRelay == null ? "null" : this.nearestRelay.ToString(),
+							nearestRelaySqrQuotient, kerbinSqrQuotient);
+
+						this.KerbinDirect = true;
+						this.targetRelay = null;
+					}
+				}
+				// If the nearest relay is out of range, we still need to check on Kerbin.
+				else
+				{
+					log.AppendFormat("\n\t\tCan't transmit to nearby relay {0} ({1} > {2}).",
+						this.nearestRelay == null ? "null" : this.nearestRelay.ToString(),
+							nearestRelaySqrQuotient, 1d);
+
+					// If Kerbin is in range, use it.
+					if (kerbinSqrQuotient <= 1d)
+					{
+						log.AppendFormat("\n\t\t\tCan transmit to Kerbin ({0} <= {1}).",
+							kerbinSqrQuotient, 1d);
+
+						this.canTransmit = true;
+						this.KerbinDirect = true;
+						this.targetRelay = null;
+					}
+					// If Kerbin is out of range and the nearest relay is out of range, pick a second best between
+					// Kerbin and bestOccludedRelay
+					else
+					{
+						log.AppendFormat("\n\t\t\tCan't transmit to Kerbin ({0} > {1}).",
+								kerbinSqrQuotient, 1d);
+
+						this.canTransmit = false;
+
+						// If the best occluded relay is closer than Kerbin, check it against the nearest relay.
+						// Since bestOccludedSqrDistance is infinity if there are no occluded relays, this is safe
+						if (bestOccludedSqrQuotient < kerbinSqrQuotient)
+						{
+							log.AppendFormat("\n\t\t\tBest occluded relay is closer than Kerbin ({0} < {1})",
+								bestOccludedRelay, kerbinSqrDistance);
+							
+							this.KerbinDirect = false;
+
+							// If the nearest relay is closer than the best occluded relay, pick it.
+							// Since nearestRelaySqrDistane is infinity if there are no nearby relays, this is safe.
+							if (nearestRelaySqrQuotient < bestOccludedSqrQuotient)
+							{
+								log.AppendFormat("\n\t\t\t\t...but the nearest relay is closer ({0} < {1}), so picking it.",
+									nearestRelaySqrQuotient, bestOccludedSqrQuotient);
+								
+								this.targetRelay = this.nearestRelay;
+								this.firstOccludingBody = null;
+							}
+							// Otherwise, target the best occluded relay.
+							else
+							{
+								log.AppendFormat("\n\t\t\t\t...and closer than the nearest relay ({0} >= {1}), so picking it.",
+									nearestRelaySqrQuotient, bestOccludedSqrQuotient);
+								
+								this.targetRelay = bestOccludedRelay;
+								this.firstOccludingBody = bodyOccludingBestOccludedRelay;
+							}
+						}
+						// Otherwise, check Kerbin against the nearest relay.
+						// Since we have LOS, blank the first occluding body.
+						else
+						{
+							log.AppendFormat("\n\t\t\tKerbin is closer than the best occluded relay ({0} >= {1})",
+								bestOccludedRelay, kerbinSqrDistance);
+							
+							this.firstOccludingBody = null;
+
+							// If the nearest relay is closer than Kerbin, pick it.
+							// Since nearestRelaySqrDistane is infinity if there are no nearby relays, this is safe.
+							if (nearestRelaySqrQuotient < kerbinSqrQuotient)
+							{
+								log.AppendFormat("\n\t\t\t\t...but the nearest relay is closer ({0} < {1}), so picking it.",
+									nearestRelaySqrQuotient, kerbinSqrQuotient);
+								
+								this.KerbinDirect = false;
+								this.targetRelay = this.nearestRelay;
+							}
+							// Otherwise, pick Kerbin.
+							else
+							{
+								log.AppendFormat("\n\t\t\t\t...and closer than the nearest relay ({0} >= {1}), so picking it.",
+									nearestRelaySqrQuotient, kerbinSqrQuotient);
+								
+								this.KerbinDirect = true;
+								this.targetRelay = null;
+							}
+						}
+					}
+				}
+			}
+
+			if (ARConfiguration.UseAdditiveRanges)
+			{
+				if (this.KerbinDirect)
+				{
+					this.NominalLinkSqrDistance = this.nominalTransmitDistance * ARConfiguration.KerbinNominalRange;
+					this.MaximumLinkSqrDistance = this.maxTransmitDistance * ARConfiguration.KerbinRelayRange;
+				}
+				else
+				{
+					this.NominalLinkSqrDistance = this.nominalTransmitDistance * this.targetRelay.nominalTransmitDistance;
+					this.MaximumLinkSqrDistance = this.maxTransmitDistance * this.targetRelay.maxTransmitDistance;
+				}
+			}
+			else
+			{
+				this.NominalLinkSqrDistance = this.nominalTransmitDistance * this.nominalTransmitDistance;
+				this.MaximumLinkSqrDistance = this.maxTransmitDistance * this.maxTransmitDistance;
+			}
+
+			if (this.canTransmit)
+			{
+				if (this.CurrentLinkSqrDistance < this.NominalLinkSqrDistance)
+				{
+					this.LinkStatus = ConnectionStatus.Optimal;
+				}
+				else
+				{
+					this.LinkStatus = ConnectionStatus.Suboptimal;
+				}
+			}
+			else
+			{
+				this.LinkStatus = ConnectionStatus.None;
+			}
+
+			#if BENCH
+			statusResolutionTicks = performanceTimer.ElapsedTicks - startKerbinLOSTicks - totalKerbinLOSTicks;
+			#endif
+
+			log.AppendFormat("\n{0}: Target search and status determination complete.", this.ToString());
+			
+			#if DEBUG
+			} catch (Exception ex) {
+				log.AppendFormat("\nCaught {0}: {1}\n{2}", ex.GetType().FullName, ex.ToString(), ex.StackTrace);
+			#if QUIT_ON_EXCEPTION
+				UnityEngine.Application.Quit();
+			#endif
+			} finally {
+			#endif
+			log.Print(false);
+			#if DEBUG
+			}
+			#endif
+
+			#if BENCH
+			AntennaRelay.searchTimer += (ulong)this.performanceTimer.ElapsedTicks;
+			AntennaRelay.searchCount++;
+			this.performanceTimer.Stop();
+
+			double averageSearchTime = (double)AntennaRelay.searchTimer / (double)AntennaRelay.searchCount;
+
+			if (AntennaRelay.searchCount >= 8000u / (ulong)ARConfiguration.UpdateDelay)
+			{
+				AntennaRelay.searchCount = 0u;
+				AntennaRelay.searchTimer = 0u;
+
+				AntennaRelay.averager.AddItem(averageSearchTime);
+				AntennaRelay.doubleAverageTime = (long)(AntennaRelay.averager.Average * 2d);
+			}
+
+			if (this.performanceTimer.ElapsedTicks > AntennaRelay.doubleAverageTime)
+			{
+				System.Text.StringBuilder sb = Tools.GetStringBuilder();
+
+				sb.AppendFormat(Tools.SIFormatter, "[AntennaRelay] FindNearestRelay search for {0}" +
+					" took significantly longer than average ({1:S3}s vs {2:S3}s)",
+					this.ToString(),
+					(double)this.performanceTimer.ElapsedTicks / (double)System.Diagnostics.Stopwatch.Frequency,
+					(double)AntennaRelay.averager.Average / (double)System.Diagnostics.Stopwatch.Frequency
+				);
+
+				sb.AppendFormat(Tools.SIFormatter, "\n\tVessel loop time: {0:S3}s",
+					(double)totalVesselLoopTicks / (double)System.Diagnostics.Stopwatch.Frequency
+				);
+
+				sb.AppendFormat(Tools.SIFormatter, "\n\t\tAverage vessel time for each of {1} vessels: {0:S3}s",
+					(double)totalVesselLoopTicks / (double)System.Diagnostics.Stopwatch.Frequency /
+					(double)usefulVesselCount,
+					usefulVesselCount
+				);
+
+				sb.AppendFormat(Tools.SIFormatter, "\n\t\tSlowest vessel LOS check: {0:S3}s to {1}",
+					(double)slowestLOSVesselTicks / (double)System.Diagnostics.Stopwatch.Frequency,
+					slowestLOSVesselName
+				);
+
+				sb.AppendFormat(Tools.SIFormatter, "\n\t\tSlowest circular relay check: {0:S3}s for {1}",
+					(double)slowestCircularVesselTicks / (double)System.Diagnostics.Stopwatch.Frequency,
+					slowestCircularVesselName
+				);
+
+				sb.AppendFormat(Tools.SIFormatter, "\n\tKerbin LOS check: {0:S3}s",
+					(double)totalKerbinLOSTicks / (double)System.Diagnostics.Stopwatch.Frequency
+				);
+
+				sb.AppendFormat(Tools.SIFormatter, "\n\tStatus resolution check: {0:S3}s",
+					(double)statusResolutionTicks / (double)System.Diagnostics.Stopwatch.Frequency
+				);
+
+				// sb.AppendFormat(Tools.SIFormatter, "", start)
+
+				Tools.PostWarningMessage(sb.ToString());
+
+				Tools.PutStringBuilder(sb);
+			}
+			#endif
+		}
+
+		/// <summary>
+		/// Returns a <see cref="System.String"/> that represents the current <see cref="AntennaRange.AntennaRelay"/>.
+		/// </summary>
+		/// <returns>A <see cref="System.String"/> that represents the current <see cref="AntennaRange.AntennaRelay"/>.</returns>
+		public override string ToString()
+		{
+			if (this is ProtoAntennaRelay)
+			{
+				return (this as ProtoAntennaRelay).ToString();
+			}
+			return this.moduleRef.ToString();
+		}
+
+		/// <summary>
+		/// Initializes a new instance of the <see cref="AntennaRange.AntennaRelay"/> class.
+		/// </summary>
+		/// <param name="module">The module reference underlying this AntennaRelay,
+		/// as an <see cref="AntennaRange.IAntennaRelay"/></param>
 		public AntennaRelay(IAntennaRelay module)
 		{
 			this.moduleRef = module;
 
-			this.searchTimer = new System.Diagnostics.Stopwatch();
-			this.millisecondsBetweenSearches = 5000;
-
-			// HACK: This might not be safe in all circumstances, but since AntennaRelays are not built until Start,
-			// we hope it is safe enough.
-			this.Kerbin = FlightGlobals.Bodies.FirstOrDefault(b => b.name == "Kerbin");
+			#if BENCH
+			AntennaRelay.relayCount++;
+			#endif
+
+			Tools.PostLogMessage("{0}: constructed {1}", this.GetType().Name, this.ToString());
 		}
 	}
 }

--- a/GameData/AntennaRange/AntennaRange.cfg
+++ b/GameData/AntennaRange/AntennaRange.cfg
@@ -42,7 +42,8 @@
 	@MODULE[ModuleDataTransmitter]
 	{
 		@name = ModuleLimitedDataTransmitter
-		nominalRange = 1500000
+		nominalRange = 6364
+		simpleRange = 20500000
 		maxPowerFactor = 8
 		maxDataFactor = 4
 	}
@@ -63,9 +64,10 @@
 	@MODULE[ModuleDataTransmitter]
 	{
 		@name = ModuleLimitedDataTransmitter
-		nominalRange = 30000000
-		maxPowerFactor = 8
-		maxDataFactor = 4
+		nominalRange = 3500000000
+		simpleRange = 18000000000
+		maxPowerFactor = 4
+		maxDataFactor = 8
 	}
 
 	MODULE
@@ -84,9 +86,11 @@
 	@MODULE[ModuleDataTransmitter]
 	{
 		@name = ModuleLimitedDataTransmitter
-		nominalRange = 80000000000
-		maxPowerFactor = 8
-		maxDataFactor = 4
+		@packetResourceCost /= 1.414213
+		nominalRange = 10000000000
+		simpleRange = 56250000000
+		maxPowerFactor = 16
+		maxDataFactor = 2
 	}
 
 	MODULE
@@ -100,11 +104,18 @@
 	}
 }
 
+TRACKING_STATION_RANGES
+{
+	range = 800000
+	range = 200000000000
+	range = 2250000000000
+}
+
 EVA_MODULE
 {
 	name = ModuleLimitedDataTransmitter
 
-	nominalRange = 5000
+	nominalRange = 1389
 	maxPowerFactor = 1
 	maxDataFactor = 1
 

--- a/IAntennaRelay.cs
+++ b/IAntennaRelay.cs
@@ -31,47 +31,83 @@
 
 namespace AntennaRange
 {
-	/*
-	 * Interface defining the basic functionality of AntennaRelay modules for AntennaRange.
-	 * */
+	/// <summary>
+	/// Interface defining the basic functionality of AntennaRelay modules for AntennaRange.
+	/// </summary>
 	public interface IAntennaRelay
 	{
 		/// <summary>
 		/// Gets the parent Vessel.
 		/// </summary>
-		/// <value>The parent Vessel.</value>
 		Vessel vessel { get; }
+
+		/// <summary>
+		/// Gets the target <see cref="AntennaRange.IAntennaRelay"/>relay.
+		/// </summary>
+		IAntennaRelay targetRelay { get; }
+
+		/// <summary>
+		/// Gets a value indicating whether this <see cref="AntennaRange.IAntennaRelay"/> Relay is communicating
+		/// directly with Kerbin.
+		/// </summary>
+		bool KerbinDirect { get; }
+
+		/// <summary>
+		/// The link distance, in meters, at which this relay behaves nominally.
+		/// </summary>
+		double NominalLinkSqrDistance { get; }
+
+
+		/// <summary>
+		/// The link distance, in meters, beyond which this relay cannot operate.
+		/// </summary>
+		double MaximumLinkSqrDistance { get; }
 
 		/// <summary>
 		/// Gets the distance to the nearest relay or Kerbin, whichever is closer.
 		/// </summary>
-		/// <value>The distance to the nearest relay or Kerbin, whichever is closer.</value>
-		double transmitDistance { get; }
+		double CurrentLinkSqrDistance { get; }
+
+		/// <summary>
+		/// Gets the link status.
+		/// </summary>
+		ConnectionStatus LinkStatus { get; }
+
+		/// <summary>
+		/// Gets the nominal transmit distance at which the Antenna behaves just as prescribed by Squad's config.
+		/// </summary>
+		double nominalTransmitDistance { get; }
 
 		/// <summary>
 		/// The maximum distance at which this relay can operate.
 		/// </summary>
-		/// <value>The max transmit distance.</value>
-		float maxTransmitDistance { get; }
+		double maxTransmitDistance { get; }
 
 		/// <summary>
 		/// The first CelestialBody blocking line of sight to a 
 		/// </summary>
-		/// <value>The first occluding body.</value>
 		CelestialBody firstOccludingBody { get; }
 
 		/// <summary>
-		/// Gets a value indicating whether this <see cref="AntennaRange.ProtoDataTransmitter"/> has been checked during
-		/// the current relay attempt.
+		/// Gets the Part title.
 		/// </summary>
-		/// <value><c>true</c> if relay checked; otherwise, <c>false</c>.</value>
-		bool relayChecked { get; }
+		string Title { get; }
 
 		/// <summary>
 		/// Determines whether this instance can transmit.
+		/// <c>true</c> if this instance can transmit; otherwise, <c>false</c>.
 		/// </summary>
-		/// <returns><c>true</c> if this instance can transmit; otherwise, <c>false</c>.</returns>
 		bool CanTransmit();
+
+		/// <summary>
+		/// Finds the nearest relay.
+		/// </summary>
+		void FindNearestRelay();
+
+		/// <summary>
+		/// Returns a <see cref="System.String"/> that represents the current <see cref="AntennaRange.IAntennaRelay"/>.
+		/// </summary>
+		string ToString();
 	}
 }
 

--- a/ModuleLimitedDataTransmitter.cs
+++ b/ModuleLimitedDataTransmitter.cs
@@ -29,75 +29,109 @@
 using KSP;
 using System;
 using System.Collections.Generic;
-using System.Linq;
 using System.Text;
 using ToadicusTools;
 using UnityEngine;
 
 namespace AntennaRange
 {
-	/*
-	 * ModuleLimitedDataTransmitter is designed as a drop-in replacement for ModuleDataTransmitter, and handles range-
-	 * finding, power scaling, and data scaling for antennas during science transmission.  Its functionality varies with
-	 * three tunables: nominalRange, maxPowerFactor, and maxDataFactor, set in .cfg files.
-	 * 
-	 * In general, the scaling functions assume the following relation:
-	 * 
-	 *     D² α P/R,
-	 * 
-	 * where D is the total transmission distance, P is the transmission power, and R is the data rate.
-	 * 
-	 * */
-
-	/*
-	 * Fields
-	 * */
+	/// <summary>
+	/// <para>ModuleLimitedDataTransmitter is designed as a drop-in replacement for ModuleDataTransmitter, and handles
+	/// rangefinding, power scaling, and data scaling for antennas during science transmission.  Its functionality
+	/// varies with three tunables: nominalRange, maxPowerFactor, and maxDataFactor, set in .cfg files.</para>
+	/// 
+	/// <para>In general, the scaling functions assume the following relation:</para>
+	/// 
+	///	<para>	D² α P/R,</para>
+	/// 
+	/// <para>where D is the total transmission distance, P is the transmission power, and R is the data rate.</para>
+	/// </summary>
 	public class ModuleLimitedDataTransmitter : ModuleDataTransmitter, IScienceDataTransmitter, IAntennaRelay
 	{
 		// Stores the packetResourceCost as defined in the .cfg file.
-		protected float _basepacketResourceCost;
+		private float _basepacketResourceCost;
 
 		// Stores the packetSize as defined in the .cfg file.
-		protected float _basepacketSize;
+		private float _basepacketSize;
 
 		// Every antenna is a relay.
-		protected AntennaRelay relay;
-
-		// Keep track of vessels with transmitters for relay purposes.
-		protected List<Vessel> _relayVessels;
+		private AntennaRelay relay;
 
 		// Sometimes we will need to communicate errors; this is how we do it.
-		protected ScreenMessage ErrorMsg;
-
-		// The distance from Kerbin at which the antenna will perform exactly as prescribed by packetResourceCost
-		// and packetSize.
+		private ScreenMessage ErrorMsg;
+
+		/// <summary>
+		/// When additive ranges are enabled, the distance from Kerbin at which the antenna will perform exactly as
+		/// prescribed by packetResourceCost and packetSize.
+		/// </summary>
 		[KSPField(isPersistant = false)]
-		public float nominalRange;
-
+		public double nominalRange;
+
+		/// <summary>
+		/// When additive ranges are disabled, the distance from Kerbin at which the antenna will perform exactly as
+		/// prescribed by packetResourceCost and packetSize.
+		/// </summary>
+		[KSPField(isPersistant = false)]
+		public double simpleRange;
+
+		/// <summary>
+		/// Relay status string for use in action menus.
+		/// </summary>
+		[KSPField(isPersistant = false, guiActive = true, guiName = "Status")]
+		public string UIrelayStatus;
+
+		/// <summary>
+		/// Relay target string for use in action menus.
+		/// </summary>
 		[KSPField(isPersistant = false, guiActive = true, guiName = "Relay")]
-		public string UIrelayStatus;
-
+		public string UIrelayTarget;
+
+		/// <summary>
+		/// Transmit distance string for use in action menus.
+		/// </summary>
 		[KSPField(isPersistant = false, guiActive = true, guiName = "Transmission Distance")]
 		public string UItransmitDistance;
 
-		[KSPField(isPersistant = false, guiActive = true, guiName = "Maximum Distance")]
+		/// <summary>
+		/// The nominal range string for use in action menus.
+		/// </summary>
+		[KSPField(isPersistant = false, guiActive = true, guiName = "Nominal Range")]
+		public string UInominalLinkDistance;
+
+		/// <summary>
+		/// Maximum distance string for use in action menus.
+		/// </summary>
+		[KSPField(isPersistant = false, guiActive = true, guiName = "Maximum Range")]
 		public string UImaxTransmitDistance;
 
+		/// <summary>
+		/// Packet size string for use in action menus.
+		/// </summary>
 		[KSPField(isPersistant = false, guiActive = true, guiName = "Packet Size")]
 		public string UIpacketSize;
 
+		/// <summary>
+		/// Packet cost string for use in action menus.
+		/// </summary>
 		[KSPField(isPersistant = false, guiActive = true, guiName = "Packet Cost")]
 		public string UIpacketCost;
 
-		// The multiplier on packetResourceCost that defines the maximum power output of the antenna.  When the power
-		// cost exceeds packetResourceCost * maxPowerFactor, transmission will fail.
+		/// <summary>
+		/// The multiplier on packetResourceCost that defines the maximum power output of the antenna.  When the power
+		/// cost exceeds packetResourceCost * maxPowerFactor, transmission will fail.
+		/// </summary>
 		[KSPField(isPersistant = false)]
 		public float maxPowerFactor;
 
-		// The multipler on packetSize that defines the maximum data bandwidth of the antenna.
+		/// <summary>
+		/// The multipler on packetSize that defines the maximum data bandwidth of the antenna.
+		/// </summary>
 		[KSPField(isPersistant = false)]
 		public float maxDataFactor;
 
+		/// <summary>
+		/// The packet throttle.
+		/// </summary>
 		[KSPField(
 			isPersistant = true,
 			guiName = "Packet Throttle",
@@ -108,38 +142,170 @@
 		[UI_FloatRange(maxValue = 100f, minValue = 2.5f, stepIncrement = 2.5f)]
 		public float packetThrottle;
 
-		protected bool actionUIUpdate;
+		private bool actionUIUpdate;
 
 		/*
 		 * Properties
 		 * */
-		// Returns the parent vessel housing this antenna.
+		/// <summary>
+		/// Gets the parent Vessel.
+		/// </summary>
 		public new Vessel vessel
 		{
 			get
 			{
-				return base.vessel;
-			}
-		}
-
-		// Returns the distance to the nearest relay or Kerbin, whichever is closer.
-		public double transmitDistance
-		{
-			get
-			{
-				return this.relay.transmitDistance;
-			}
-		}
-
-		// Returns the maximum distance this module can transmit
-		public float maxTransmitDistance
-		{
-			get
-			{
-				return Mathf.Sqrt (this.maxPowerFactor) * this.nominalRange;
-			}
-		}
-
+				if (base.vessel != null)
+				{
+					return base.vessel;
+				}
+				else if (this.part != null && this.part.vessel != null)
+				{
+					return this.part.vessel;
+				}
+				else if (
+					this.part.protoPartSnapshot != null &&
+					this.part.protoPartSnapshot.pVesselRef != null &&
+					this.part.protoPartSnapshot.pVesselRef.vesselRef != null
+				)
+				{
+					return this.part.protoPartSnapshot.pVesselRef.vesselRef;
+				}
+				else
+				{
+					this.LogError("Vessel and/or part reference are null, returning null vessel.");
+					this.LogError(new System.Diagnostics.StackTrace().ToString());
+					return null;
+				}
+			}
+		}
+
+		/// <summary>
+		/// Gets the target <see cref="AntennaRange.IAntennaRelay"/>relay.
+		/// </summary>
+		public IAntennaRelay targetRelay
+		{
+			get
+			{
+				if (this.relay == null)
+				{
+					return null;
+				}
+
+				return this.relay.targetRelay;
+			}
+		}
+
+		/// <summary>
+		/// Gets a value indicating whether this <see cref="AntennaRange.IAntennaRelay"/> Relay is communicating
+		/// directly with Kerbin.
+		/// </summary>
+		public bool KerbinDirect
+		{
+			get
+			{
+				if (this.relay != null)
+				{
+					return this.relay.KerbinDirect;
+				}
+
+				return false;
+			}
+		}
+
+		/// <summary>
+		/// Gets or sets the nominal link distance, in meters.
+		/// </summary>
+		public double NominalLinkSqrDistance
+		{
+			get
+			{
+				if (this.relay != null)
+				{
+					return this.relay.NominalLinkSqrDistance;
+				}
+
+				return 0d;
+			}
+		}
+
+		/// <summary>
+		/// Gets or sets the maximum link distance, in meters.
+		/// </summary>
+		public double MaximumLinkSqrDistance
+		{
+			get
+			{
+				if (this.relay != null)
+				{
+					return this.relay.MaximumLinkSqrDistance;
+				}
+
+				return 0d;
+			}
+		}
+
+		/// <summary>
+		/// Gets the distance to the nearest relay or Kerbin, whichever is closer.
+		/// </summary>
+		public double CurrentLinkSqrDistance
+		{
+			get
+			{
+				if (this.relay == null)
+				{
+					return double.PositiveInfinity;
+				}
+
+				return this.relay.CurrentLinkSqrDistance;
+			}
+		}
+
+		/// <summary>
+		/// Gets the link status.
+		/// </summary>
+		public ConnectionStatus LinkStatus
+		{
+			get
+			{
+				if (this.relay == null)
+				{
+					return ConnectionStatus.None;
+				}
+
+				return this.relay.LinkStatus;
+			}
+		}
+
+		/// <summary>
+		/// Gets the nominal transmit distance at which the Antenna behaves just as prescribed by Squad's config.
+		/// </summary>
+		public double nominalTransmitDistance
+		{
+			get
+			{
+				if (ARConfiguration.UseAdditiveRanges)
+				{
+					return this.nominalRange;
+				}
+				else
+				{
+					return this.simpleRange;
+				}
+			}
+		}
+
+		/// <summary>
+		/// The maximum distance at which this relay can operate.
+		/// </summary>
+		public double maxTransmitDistance
+		{
+			get;
+			protected set;
+		}
+
+		/// <summary>
+		/// The first CelestialBody blocking line of sight to a 
+		/// </summary>
 		public CelestialBody firstOccludingBody
 		{
 			get
@@ -174,8 +340,10 @@
 		 * 
 		 * So... hopefully that doesn't screw with anything else.
 		 * */
-		// Override ModuleDataTransmitter.DataRate to just return packetSize, because we want antennas to be scored in
-		// terms of joules/byte
+		/// <summary>
+		/// Override ModuleDataTransmitter.DataRate to just return packetSize, because we want antennas to be scored in
+		/// terms of joules/byte
+		/// </summary>
 		public new float DataRate
 		{
 			get
@@ -193,9 +361,11 @@
 			}
 		}
 
-		// Override ModuleDataTransmitter.DataResourceCost to just return packetResourceCost, because we want antennas
-		// to be scored in terms of joules/byte
-		public new float DataResourceCost
+		/// <summary>
+		/// Override ModuleDataTransmitter.DataResourceCost to just return packetResourceCost, because we want antennas
+		/// to be scored in terms of joules/byte
+		/// </summary>
+		public new double DataResourceCost
 		{
 			get
 			{
@@ -212,12 +382,19 @@
 			}
 		}
 
-		// Reports whether this antenna has been checked as a viable relay already in the current FindNearestRelay.
-		public bool relayChecked
-		{
-			get
-			{
-				return this.relay.relayChecked;
+		/// <summary>
+		/// Gets the Part title.
+		/// </summary>
+		public string Title
+		{
+			get
+			{
+				if (this.part != null && this.part.partInfo != null)
+				{
+					return this.part.partInfo.title;
+				}
+
+				return string.Empty;
 			}
 		}
 
@@ -231,6 +408,9 @@
 			this.packetThrottle = 100f;
 		}
 
+		/// <summary>
+		/// PartModule OnAwake override; runs at Unity Awake.
+		/// </summary>
 		public override void OnAwake()
 		{
 			base.OnAwake();
@@ -242,182 +422,153 @@
 				"{0} loaded:\n" +
 				"packetSize: {1}\n" +
 				"packetResourceCost: {2}\n" +
-				"nominalRange: {3}\n" +
+				"nominalTransmitDistance: {3}\n" +
 				"maxPowerFactor: {4}\n" +
 				"maxDataFactor: {5}\n",
 				this.name,
 				base.packetSize,
 				this._basepacketResourceCost,
-				this.nominalRange,
+				this.nominalTransmitDistance,
 				this.maxPowerFactor,
 				this.maxDataFactor
 			));
 		}
 
-		// At least once, when the module starts with a state on the launch pad or later, go find Kerbin.
+		/// <summary>
+		/// PartModule OnStart override; runs at Unity Start.
+		/// </summary>
+		/// <param name="state">State.</param>
 		public override void OnStart (StartState state)
 		{
 			base.OnStart (state);
 
 			if (state >= StartState.PreLaunch)
 			{
+				this.maxTransmitDistance = Math.Sqrt(this.maxPowerFactor) * this.nominalTransmitDistance;
+
 				this.relay = new AntennaRelay(this);
+				this.relay.nominalTransmitDistance = this.nominalTransmitDistance;
 				this.relay.maxTransmitDistance = this.maxTransmitDistance;
 
-				this.UImaxTransmitDistance = Tools.MuMech_ToSI(this.maxTransmitDistance) + "m";
+				this.UImaxTransmitDistance = string.Format(Tools.SIFormatter, "{0:S3}m", this.maxTransmitDistance);
 
 				GameEvents.onPartActionUICreate.Add(this.onPartActionUICreate);
 				GameEvents.onPartActionUIDismiss.Add(this.onPartActionUIDismiss);
 			}
 		}
 
-		// When the module loads, fetch the Squad KSPFields from the base.  This is necessary in part because
-		// overloading packetSize and packetResourceCostinto a property in ModuleLimitedDataTransmitter didn't
-		// work.
+		/// <summary>
+		/// When the module loads, fetch the Squad KSPFields from the base.  This is necessary in part because
+		/// overloading packetSize and packetResourceCostinto a property in ModuleLimitedDataTransmitter didn't
+		/// work.
+		/// </summary>
+		/// <param name="node"><see cref="ConfigNode"/> with data for this module.</param>
 		public override void OnLoad(ConfigNode node)
 		{
 			this.Fields.Load(node);
 			base.Fields.Load(node);
 
 			base.OnLoad (node);
-		}
-
-		// Post an error in the communication messages describing the reason transmission has failed.  Currently there
-		// is only one reason for this.
-		protected void PostCannotTransmitError()
-		{
-			string ErrorText = string.Intern("Unable to transmit: no visible receivers in range!");
-
-			this.ErrorMsg.message = string.Format(
-				"<color='#{0}{1}{2}{3}'><b>{4}</b></color>",
-				((int)(XKCDColors.OrangeRed.r * 255f)).ToString("x2"),
-				((int)(XKCDColors.OrangeRed.g * 255f)).ToString("x2"),
-				((int)(XKCDColors.OrangeRed.b * 255f)).ToString("x2"),
-				((int)(XKCDColors.OrangeRed.a * 255f)).ToString("x2"),
-				ErrorText
+
+			this.maxTransmitDistance = Math.Sqrt(this.maxPowerFactor) * this.nominalTransmitDistance;
+		}
+
+		/// <summary>
+		/// Override ModuleDataTransmitter.GetInfo to add nominal and maximum range to the VAB description.
+		/// </summary>
+		public override string GetInfo()
+		{
+			StringBuilder sb = Tools.GetStringBuilder();
+			string text;
+
+			sb.Append(base.GetInfo());
+			sb.AppendFormat(Tools.SIFormatter, "Nominal Range: {0:S3}m\n", this.nominalTransmitDistance);
+			sb.AppendFormat(Tools.SIFormatter, "Maximum Range: {0:S3}m\n", this.maxTransmitDistance);
+
+			text = sb.ToString();
+
+			Tools.PutStringBuilder(sb);
+
+			return text;
+		}
+
+		/// <summary>
+		/// Determines whether this instance can transmit.
+		/// <c>true</c> if this instance can transmit; otherwise, <c>false</c>.
+		/// </summary>
+		public new bool CanTransmit()
+		{
+			if (this.part == null || this.relay == null)
+			{
+				return false;
+			}
+
+			switch (this.part.State)
+			{
+				case PartStates.DEAD:
+				case PartStates.DEACTIVATED:
+					Tools.PostDebugMessage(string.Format(
+						"{0}: {1} on {2} cannot transmit: {3}",
+						this.GetType().Name,
+						this.part.partInfo.title,
+						this.vessel.vesselName,
+						Enum.GetName(typeof(PartStates), this.part.State)
+					));
+					return false;
+				default:
+					break;
+			}
+
+			return this.relay.CanTransmit();
+		}
+
+		/// <summary>
+		/// Finds the nearest relay.
+		/// </summary>
+		public void FindNearestRelay()
+		{
+			if (this.relay != null)
+			{
+				this.relay.FindNearestRelay();
+			}
+		}
+
+		/// <summary>
+		/// Override ModuleDataTransmitter.TransmitData to check against CanTransmit and fail out when CanTransmit
+		/// returns false.
+		/// </summary>
+		/// <param name="dataQueue">List of <see cref="ScienceData"/> to transmit.</param>
+		/// <param name="callback">Callback function</param>
+		public new void TransmitData(List<ScienceData> dataQueue, Callback callback)
+		{
+			this.LogDebug(
+				"TransmitData(List<ScienceData> dataQueue, Callback callback) called.  dataQueue.Count={0}",
+				dataQueue.Count
 			);
 
-			Tools.PostDebugMessage(this.GetType().Name + ": " + this.ErrorMsg.message);
-
-			ScreenMessages.PostScreenMessage(this.ErrorMsg, false);
-		}
-
-		// Before transmission, set packetResourceCost.  Per above, packet cost increases with the square of
-		// distance.  packetResourceCost maxes out at _basepacketResourceCost * maxPowerFactor, at which point
-		// transmission fails (see CanTransmit).
-		protected void PreTransmit_SetPacketResourceCost()
-		{
-			if (ARConfiguration.FixedPowerCost || this.transmitDistance <= this.nominalRange)
-			{
-				base.packetResourceCost = this._basepacketResourceCost;
-			}
-			else
-			{
-				double rangeFactor = (this.transmitDistance / this.nominalRange);
-				rangeFactor *= rangeFactor;
-
-				base.packetResourceCost = this._basepacketResourceCost
-					* (float)rangeFactor;
-
-				Tools.PostDebugMessage(
-					this,
-					"Pretransmit: packet cost set to {0} before throttle (rangeFactor = {1}).",
-					base.packetResourceCost,
-					rangeFactor);
-			}
-
-			base.packetResourceCost *= this.packetThrottle / 100f;
-		}
-
-		// Before transmission, set packetSize.  Per above, packet size increases with the inverse square of
-		// distance.  packetSize maxes out at _basepacketSize * maxDataFactor.
-		protected void PreTransmit_SetPacketSize()
-		{
-			if (!ARConfiguration.FixedPowerCost && this.transmitDistance >= this.nominalRange)
-			{
-				base.packetSize = this._basepacketSize;
-			}
-			else
-			{
-				double rangeFactor = (this.nominalRange / this.transmitDistance);
-				rangeFactor *= rangeFactor;
-
-				base.packetSize = Math.Min(
-					this._basepacketSize * (float)rangeFactor,
-					this._basepacketSize * this.maxDataFactor);
-
-				Tools.PostDebugMessage(
-					this,
-					"Pretransmit: packet size set to {0} before throttle (rangeFactor = {1}).",
-					base.packetSize,
-					rangeFactor);
-			}
-
-			base.packetSize *= this.packetThrottle / 100f;
-		}
-
-		// Override ModuleDataTransmitter.GetInfo to add nominal and maximum range to the VAB description.
-		public override string GetInfo()
-		{
-			string text = base.GetInfo();
-			text += "Nominal Range: " + Tools.MuMech_ToSI((double)this.nominalRange, 2) + "m\n";
-			text += "Maximum Range: " + Tools.MuMech_ToSI((double)this.maxTransmitDistance, 2) + "m\n";
-			return text;
-		}
-
-		// Override ModuleDataTransmitter.CanTransmit to return false when transmission is not possible.
-		public new bool CanTransmit()
-		{
-			if (this.part == null || this.relay == null)
-			{
-				return false;
-			}
-
-			PartStates partState = this.part.State;
-			if (partState == PartStates.DEAD || partState == PartStates.DEACTIVATED)
-			{
-				Tools.PostDebugMessage(string.Format(
-					"{0}: {1} on {2} cannot transmit: {3}",
-					this.GetType().Name,
-					this.part.partInfo.title,
-					this.vessel.vesselName,
-					Enum.GetName(typeof(PartStates), partState)
-				));
-				return false;
-			}
-			return this.relay.CanTransmit();
-		}
-
-		// Override ModuleDataTransmitter.TransmitData to check against CanTransmit and fail out when CanTransmit
-		// returns false.
-		public new void TransmitData(List<ScienceData> dataQueue)
-		{
+			this.FindNearestRelay();
+
 			this.PreTransmit_SetPacketSize();
 			this.PreTransmit_SetPacketResourceCost();
 
 			if (this.CanTransmit())
 			{
-				StringBuilder message = new StringBuilder();
-
-				message.Append("[");
-				message.Append(base.part.partInfo.title);
-				message.Append("]: ");
-
-				message.Append("Beginning transmission ");
-
-				if (this.relay.nearestRelay == null)
-				{
-					message.Append("directly to Kerbin.");
+				ScreenMessages.PostScreenMessage(this.buildTransmitMessage(), 4f, ScreenMessageStyle.UPPER_LEFT);
+
+				this.LogDebug(
+					"CanTransmit in TransmitData, calling base.TransmitData with dataQueue=[{0}] and callback={1}",
+					dataQueue.SPrint(),
+					callback == null ? "null" : callback.ToString()
+				);
+
+				if (callback == null)
+				{
+					base.TransmitData(dataQueue);
 				}
 				else
 				{
-					message.Append("via ");
-					message.Append(this.relay.nearestRelay);
-				}
-
-				ScreenMessages.PostScreenMessage(message.ToString(), 4f, ScreenMessageStyle.UPPER_LEFT);
-
-				base.TransmitData(dataQueue);
+					base.TransmitData(dataQueue, callback);
+				}
 			}
 			else
 			{
@@ -425,8 +576,12 @@
 
 				var logger = Tools.DebugLogger.New(this);
 
-				foreach (ModuleScienceContainer	scienceContainer in this.vessel.getModulesOfType<ModuleScienceContainer>())
-				{
+				IList<ModuleScienceContainer> vesselContainers = this.vessel.getModulesOfType<ModuleScienceContainer>();
+				ModuleScienceContainer scienceContainer;
+				for (int cIdx = 0; cIdx < vesselContainers.Count; cIdx++)
+				{
+					scienceContainer = vesselContainers[cIdx];
+
 					logger.AppendFormat("Checking ModuleScienceContainer in {0}\n",
 						scienceContainer.part.partInfo.title);
 
@@ -441,8 +596,10 @@
 
 					List<ScienceData> dataStored = new List<ScienceData>();
 
-					foreach (ScienceData data in dataQueue)
+					ScienceData data;
+					for (int dIdx = 0; dIdx < dataQueue.Count; dIdx++)
 					{
+						data = dataQueue[dIdx];
 						if (!scienceContainer.allowRepeatedSubjects && scienceContainer.HasData(data))
 						{
 							logger.Append("\tAlready contains subject and repeated subjects not allowed, skipping.\n");
@@ -473,67 +630,72 @@
 
 				if (dataQueue.Count > 0)
 				{
-					StringBuilder msg = new StringBuilder();
-
-					msg.Append('[');
-					msg.Append(this.part.partInfo.title);
-					msg.AppendFormat("]: {0} data items could not be saved: no space available in data containers.\n");
-					msg.Append("Data to be discarded:\n");
-
-					foreach (ScienceData data in dataQueue)
+					StringBuilder sb = Tools.GetStringBuilder();
+
+					sb.Append('[');
+					sb.Append(this.part.partInfo.title);
+					sb.AppendFormat("]: {0} data items could not be saved: no space available in data containers.\n");
+					sb.Append("Data to be discarded:\n");
+
+					ScienceData data;
+					for (int dIdx = 0; dIdx < dataQueue.Count; dIdx++)
 					{
-						msg.AppendFormat("\n{0}\n", data.title);
+						data = dataQueue[dIdx];
+						sb.AppendFormat("\t{0}\n", data.title);
 					}
 
-					ScreenMessages.PostScreenMessage(msg.ToString(), 4f, ScreenMessageStyle.UPPER_LEFT);
-
-					Tools.PostDebugMessage(msg.ToString());
-				}
-
-				this.PostCannotTransmitError ();
+					ScreenMessages.PostScreenMessage(sb.ToString(), 4f, ScreenMessageStyle.UPPER_LEFT);
+
+					Tools.PostDebugMessage(sb.ToString());
+
+					Tools.PutStringBuilder(sb);
+				}
+
+				this.PostCannotTransmitError();
 			}
 
 			Tools.PostDebugMessage (
-				"distance: " + this.transmitDistance
+				"distance: " + this.CurrentLinkSqrDistance
 				+ " packetSize: " + this.packetSize
 				+ " packetResourceCost: " + this.packetResourceCost
 			);
 		}
 
-		// Override ModuleDataTransmitter.StartTransmission to check against CanTransmit and fail out when CanTransmit
-		// returns false.
+		/// <summary>
+		/// Override ModuleDataTransmitter.TransmitData to check against CanTransmit and fail out when CanTransmit
+		/// returns false.
+		/// </summary>
+		/// <param name="dataQueue">List of <see cref="ScienceData"/> to transmit.</param>
+		public new void TransmitData(List<ScienceData> dataQueue)
+		{
+			this.LogDebug(
+				"TransmitData(List<ScienceData> dataQueue) called, dataQueue.Count={0}",
+				dataQueue.Count
+			);
+
+			this.TransmitData(dataQueue, null);
+		}
+
+		/// <summary>
+		/// Override ModuleDataTransmitter.StartTransmission to check against CanTransmit and fail out when CanTransmit
+		/// returns false.
+		/// </summary>
 		public new void StartTransmission()
 		{
+			this.FindNearestRelay();
+
 			PreTransmit_SetPacketSize ();
 			PreTransmit_SetPacketResourceCost ();
 
 			Tools.PostDebugMessage (
-				"distance: " + this.transmitDistance
+				"distance: " + this.CurrentLinkSqrDistance
 				+ " packetSize: " + this.packetSize
 				+ " packetResourceCost: " + this.packetResourceCost
 				);
 
 			if (this.CanTransmit())
 			{
-				StringBuilder message = new StringBuilder();
-
-				message.Append("[");
-				message.Append(base.part.partInfo.title);
-				message.Append("]: ");
-
-				message.Append("Beginning transmission ");
-
-				if (this.relay.nearestRelay == null)
-				{
-					message.Append("directly to Kerbin.");
-				}
-				else
-				{
-					message.Append("via ");
-					message.Append(this.relay.nearestRelay);
-				}
-
-				ScreenMessages.PostScreenMessage(message.ToString(), 4f, ScreenMessageStyle.UPPER_LEFT);
+				ScreenMessages.PostScreenMessage(this.buildTransmitMessage(), 4f, ScreenMessageStyle.UPPER_LEFT);
 
 				base.StartTransmission();
 			}
@@ -543,35 +705,90 @@
 			}
 		}
 
+		/// <summary>
+		/// MonoBehaviour Update
+		/// </summary>
 		public void Update()
 		{
 			if (this.actionUIUpdate)
 			{
+				this.UImaxTransmitDistance = string.Format(Tools.SIFormatter, "{0:S3}m",
+					Math.Sqrt(this.MaximumLinkSqrDistance));
+				this.UInominalLinkDistance = string.Format(Tools.SIFormatter, "{0:S3}m",
+					Math.Sqrt(this.NominalLinkSqrDistance));
+				
 				if (this.CanTransmit())
 				{
-					this.UIrelayStatus = string.Intern("Connected");
-					this.UItransmitDistance = Tools.MuMech_ToSI(this.transmitDistance) + "m";
-					this.UIpacketSize = Tools.MuMech_ToSI(this.DataRate) + "MiT";
-					this.UIpacketCost = Tools.MuMech_ToSI(this.DataResourceCost) + "E";
+					this.UIrelayStatus = this.LinkStatus.ToString();
+					this.UItransmitDistance = string.Format(Tools.SIFormatter, "{0:S3}m",
+						Math.Sqrt(this.CurrentLinkSqrDistance));
+					this.UIpacketSize = string.Format(Tools.SIFormatter, "{0:S3}MiT", this.DataRate);
+					this.UIpacketCost = string.Format(Tools.SIFormatter, "{0:S3}EC", this.DataResourceCost);
 				}
 				else
 				{
 					if (this.relay.firstOccludingBody == null)
 					{
-						this.UIrelayStatus = string.Intern("Out of range");
+						this.UItransmitDistance = string.Format(Tools.SIFormatter, "{0:S3}m",
+							Math.Sqrt(this.CurrentLinkSqrDistance));
+						this.UIrelayStatus = "Out of range";
 					}
 					else
 					{
+						this.UItransmitDistance = "N/A";
 						this.UIrelayStatus = string.Format("Blocked by {0}", this.relay.firstOccludingBody.bodyName);
 					}
-					this.UImaxTransmitDistance = "N/A";
 					this.UIpacketSize = "N/A";
 					this.UIpacketCost = "N/A";
 				}
-			}
-		}
-
-		public void onPartActionUICreate(Part eventPart)
+
+				if (this.KerbinDirect)
+				{
+					this.UIrelayTarget = AntennaRelay.Kerbin.bodyName;
+				}
+				else
+				{
+					this.UIrelayTarget = this.targetRelay.ToString();
+				}
+			}
+		}
+
+		/// <summary>
+		/// Returns a <see cref="System.String"/> that represents the current <see cref="AntennaRange.ModuleLimitedDataTransmitter"/>.
+		/// </summary>
+		/// <returns>A <see cref="System.String"/> that represents the current <see cref="AntennaRange.ModuleLimitedDataTransmitter"/>.</returns>
+		public override string ToString()
+		{
+			StringBuilder sb = Tools.GetStringBuilder();
+			string msg;
+
+			sb.Append(this.part.partInfo.title);
+
+			if (vessel != null)
+			{
+				sb.Append(" on ");
+				sb.Append(vessel.vesselName);
+			}
+			else if (
+				this.part != null &&
+				this.part.protoPartSnapshot != null &&
+				this.part.protoPartSnapshot != null &&
+				this.part.protoPartSnapshot.pVesselRef != null
+			)
+			{
+				sb.Append(" on ");
+				sb.Append(this.part.protoPartSnapshot.pVesselRef.vesselName);
+			}
+
+			msg = sb.ToString();
+
+			Tools.PutStringBuilder(sb);
+
+			return msg;
+		}
+
+		// When we catch an onPartActionUICreate event for our part, go ahead and update every frame to look pretty.
+		private void onPartActionUICreate(Part eventPart)
 		{
 			if (eventPart == base.part)
 			{
@@ -579,7 +796,8 @@
 			}
 		}
 
-		public void onPartActionUIDismiss(Part eventPart)
+		// When we catch an onPartActionUIDismiss event for our part, stop updating every frame to look pretty.
+		private void onPartActionUIDismiss(Part eventPart)
 		{
 			if (eventPart == base.part)
 			{
@@ -587,77 +805,124 @@
 			}
 		}
 
-		public override string ToString()
-		{
-			StringBuilder msg = new StringBuilder();
-
-			msg.Append(this.part.partInfo.title);
-
-			if (vessel != null)
-			{
-				msg.Append(" on ");
-				msg.Append(vessel.vesselName);
-			}
-
-			return msg.ToString();
-		}
-
+		// Post an error in the communication messages describing the reason transmission has failed.  Currently there
+		// is only one reason for this.
+		private void PostCannotTransmitError()
+		{
+			string ErrorText = string.Intern("Unable to transmit: no visible receivers in range!");
+
+			this.ErrorMsg.message = string.Format(
+				"<color='#{0}{1}{2}{3}'><b>{4}</b></color>",
+				((int)(XKCDColors.OrangeRed.r * 255f)).ToString("x2"),
+				((int)(XKCDColors.OrangeRed.g * 255f)).ToString("x2"),
+				((int)(XKCDColors.OrangeRed.b * 255f)).ToString("x2"),
+				((int)(XKCDColors.OrangeRed.a * 255f)).ToString("x2"),
+				ErrorText
+			);
+
+			Tools.PostDebugMessage(this.GetType().Name + ": " + this.ErrorMsg.message);
+
+			ScreenMessages.PostScreenMessage(this.ErrorMsg, false);
+		}
+
+		// Before transmission, set packetResourceCost.  Per above, packet cost increases with the square of
+		// distance.  packetResourceCost maxes out at _basepacketResourceCost * maxPowerFactor, at which point
+		// transmission fails (see CanTransmit).
+		private void PreTransmit_SetPacketResourceCost()
+		{
+			if (ARConfiguration.FixedPowerCost || this.CurrentLinkSqrDistance <= this.NominalLinkSqrDistance)
+			{
+				base.packetResourceCost = this._basepacketResourceCost;
+			}
+			else
+			{
+				float rangeFactor = (float)(this.CurrentLinkSqrDistance / this.NominalLinkSqrDistance);
+
+				base.packetResourceCost = this._basepacketResourceCost * rangeFactor;
+			}
+
+			base.packetResourceCost *= this.packetThrottle / 100f;
+		}
+
+		// Before transmission, set packetSize.  Per above, packet size increases with the inverse square of
+		// distance.  packetSize maxes out at _basepacketSize * maxDataFactor.
+		private void PreTransmit_SetPacketSize()
+		{
+			if (!ARConfiguration.FixedPowerCost && this.CurrentLinkSqrDistance >= this.NominalLinkSqrDistance)
+			{
+				base.packetSize = this._basepacketSize;
+			}
+			else
+			{
+				float rangeFactor = (float)(this.NominalLinkSqrDistance / this.CurrentLinkSqrDistance);
+
+				base.packetSize = Mathf.Min(
+					this._basepacketSize * rangeFactor,
+					this._basepacketSize * this.maxDataFactor
+				);
+			}
+
+			base.packetSize *= this.packetThrottle / 100f;
+		}
+
+		private string buildTransmitMessage()
+		{
+			StringBuilder sb = Tools.GetStringBuilder();
+			string msg;
+
+			sb.Append("[");
+			sb.Append(base.part.partInfo.title);
+			sb.Append("]: ");
+
+			sb.Append("Beginning transmission ");
+
+			if (this.KerbinDirect)
+			{
+				sb.Append("directly to Kerbin.");
+			}
+			else
+			{
+				sb.Append("via ");
+				sb.Append(this.relay.targetRelay);
+			}
+
+			msg = sb.ToString();
+
+			Tools.PutStringBuilder(sb);
+
+			return msg;
+		}
+
+		#if DEBUG
 		// When debugging, it's nice to have a button that just tells you everything.
-		#if DEBUG
 		[KSPEvent (guiName = "Show Debug Info", active = true, guiActive = true)]
 		public void DebugInfo()
 		{
 			PreTransmit_SetPacketSize ();
 			PreTransmit_SetPacketResourceCost ();
 
-			string msg = string.Format(
-				"'{0}'\n" + 
-				"_basepacketSize: {1}\n" +
-				"packetSize: {2}\n" +
-				"_basepacketResourceCost: {3}\n" +
-				"packetResourceCost: {4}\n" +
-				"maxTransmitDistance: {5}\n" +
-				"transmitDistance: {6}\n" +
-				"nominalRange: {7}\n" +
-				"CanTransmit: {8}\n" +
-				"DataRate: {9}\n" +
-				"DataResourceCost: {10}\n" +
-				"TransmitterScore: {11}\n" +
-				"NearestRelay: {12}\n" +
-				"Vessel ID: {13}",
-				this.name,
-				this._basepacketSize,
-				base.packetSize,
-				this._basepacketResourceCost,
-				base.packetResourceCost,
-				this.maxTransmitDistance,
-				this.transmitDistance,
-				this.nominalRange,
-				this.CanTransmit(),
-				this.DataRate,
-				this.DataResourceCost,
-				ScienceUtil.GetTransmitterScore(this),
-				this.relay.FindNearestRelay(),
-				this.vessel.id
-				);
-			Tools.PostDebugMessage(msg);
+			DebugPartModule.DumpClassObject(this);
 		}
 
 		[KSPEvent (guiName = "Dump Vessels", active = true, guiActive = true)]
 		public void PrintAllVessels()
 		{
-			StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
-
+			StringBuilder sb = Tools.GetStringBuilder();
+			
 			sb.Append("Dumping FlightGlobals.Vessels:");
 
-			foreach (Vessel vessel in FlightGlobals.Vessels)
-			{
+			Vessel vessel;
+			for (int i = 0; i < FlightGlobals.Vessels.Count; i++)
+			{
+				vessel = FlightGlobals.Vessels[i];
 				sb.AppendFormat("\n'{0} ({1})'", vessel.vesselName, vessel.id);
 			}
-
+		    
 			Tools.PostDebugMessage(sb.ToString());
-		}
-
+
+			Tools.PutStringBuilder(sb);
+		}
+		 
 		[KSPEvent (guiName = "Dump RelayDB", active = true, guiActive = true)]
 		public void DumpRelayDB()
 		{

--- a/Properties/AssemblyInfo.cs
+++ b/Properties/AssemblyInfo.cs
@@ -39,7 +39,7 @@
 // The assembly version has the format "{Major}.{Minor}.{Build}.{Revision}".
 // The form "{Major}.{Minor}.*" will automatically update the build and revision,
 // and "{Major}.{Minor}.{Build}.*" will update just the revision.
-[assembly: AssemblyVersion("1.8.*")]
+[assembly: AssemblyVersion("1.9.*")]
 // The following attributes are used to specify the signing key for the assembly,
 // if desired. See the Mono documentation for more information about signing.
 //[assembly: AssemblyDelaySign(false)]

--- a/ProtoAntennaRelay.cs
+++ b/ProtoAntennaRelay.cs
@@ -28,33 +28,65 @@
 
 using KSP;
 using System;
-using System.Linq;
 using ToadicusTools;
 
 namespace AntennaRange
 {
-	/*
-	 * Wrapper class for ProtoPartModuleSnapshot extending AntennaRelay and implementing IAntennaRelay.
-	 * This is used for finding relays in unloaded Vessels.
-	 * */
+	/// <summary>
+	/// Wrapper class for ProtoPartModuleSnapshot extending AntennaRelay and implementing IAntennaRelay.
+	/// This is used for finding relays in unloaded Vessels.
+	/// </summary>
 	public class ProtoAntennaRelay : AntennaRelay, IAntennaRelay
 	{
 		// Stores the prototype part so we can make sure we haven't exploded or so.
-		protected ProtoPartSnapshot protoPart;
+		private ProtoPartSnapshot protoPart;
 
+		/// <summary>
+		/// Gets the parent Vessel.
+		/// </summary>
 		public override Vessel vessel
 		{
 			get
 			{
-				return this.protoPart.pVesselRef.vesselRef;
+				if (
+					this.protoPart != null &&
+					this.protoPart.pVesselRef != null &&
+					this.protoPart.pVesselRef.vesselRef != null
+				)
+				{
+					return this.protoPart.pVesselRef.vesselRef;
+				}
+				else
+				{
+					Tools.PostErrorMessage("{0}: Could not fetch vessel!  {1}{2}{3}",
+						this.ToString(),
+						this.protoPart == null ? "\n\tprotoPart=null" : string.Empty,
+						this.protoPart != null && this.protoPart.pVesselRef == null ?
+							"\n\tthis.protoPart.pVesselRef=null" : string.Empty,
+						this.protoPart != null && this.protoPart.pVesselRef != null &&
+							this.protoPart.pVesselRef.vesselRef == null ?
+							"\n\tthis.protoPart.pVesselRef.vesselRef=null" : string.Empty
+					);
+					return null;
+				}
 			}
 		}
 
 		/// <summary>
-		/// The maximum distance at which this transmitter can operate.
+		/// Gets the nominal transmit distance at which the Antenna behaves just as prescribed by Squad's config.
 		/// </summary>
-		/// <value>The max transmit distance.</value>
-		public override float maxTransmitDistance
+		public override double nominalTransmitDistance
+		{
+			get
+			{
+				return this.moduleRef.nominalTransmitDistance;
+			}
+		}
+
+		/// <summary>
+		/// The maximum distance at which this relay can operate.
+		/// </summary>
+		public override double maxTransmitDistance
 		{
 			get
 			{
@@ -63,28 +95,26 @@
 		}
 
 		/// <summary>
-		/// Gets a value indicating whether this <see cref="AntennaRange.ProtoDataTransmitter"/> has been checked during
-		/// the current relay attempt.
+		/// Gets the underlying part's title.
 		/// </summary>
-		/// <value><c>true</c> if relay checked; otherwise, <c>false</c>.</value>
-		public override bool relayChecked
+		/// <value>The title.</value>
+		public string Title
 		{
-			get;
-			protected set;
+			get
+			{
+				if (this.protoPart != null && this.protoPart.partInfo != null)
+				{
+					return this.protoPart.partInfo.title;
+				}
+
+				return string.Empty;
+			}
 		}
 
 		/// <summary>
-		/// Gets the underlying part's title.
+		/// Determines whether this instance can transmit.
+		/// <c>true</c> if this instance can transmit; otherwise, <c>false</c>.
 		/// </summary>
-		/// <value>The title.</value>
-		public string title
-		{
-			get
-			{
-				return this.protoPart.partInfo.title;
-			}
-		}
-
 		public override bool CanTransmit()
 		{
 			PartStates partState = (PartStates)this.protoPart.state;
@@ -93,7 +123,7 @@
 				Tools.PostDebugMessage(string.Format(
 					"{0}: {1} on {2} cannot transmit: {3}",
 					this.GetType().Name,
-					this.title,
+					this.Title,
 					this.vessel.vesselName,
 					Enum.GetName(typeof(PartStates), partState)
 				));
@@ -102,31 +132,37 @@
 			return base.CanTransmit();
 		}
 
+		/// <summary>
+		/// Returns a <see cref="System.String"/> that represents the current <see cref="AntennaRange.ProtoAntennaRelay"/>.
+		/// </summary>
+		/// <returns>A <see cref="System.String"/> that represents the current <see cref="AntennaRange.ProtoAntennaRelay"/>.</returns>
 		public override string ToString()
 		{
-			return string.Format(
-				"{0} on {1} (proto)",
-				this.title,
-				this.protoPart.pVesselRef.vesselName
-			);
+			System.Text.StringBuilder sb = Tools.GetStringBuilder();
+
+			sb.Append(this.Title);
+
+			if (this.protoPart != null && this.protoPart.pVesselRef != null)
+			{
+				sb.AppendFormat(" on {0}", this.protoPart.pVesselRef.vesselName);
+			}
+
+			Tools.PutStringBuilder(sb);
+
+			return sb.ToString();
 		}
 
 		/// <summary>
-		/// Initializes a new instance of the <see cref="AntennaRange.ProtoAntennaRelay"/> class.
+		/// Initializes a new instance of the <see cref="AntennaRange.AntennaRelay"/> class.
 		/// </summary>
-		/// <param name="ms">The ProtoPartModuleSnapshot to wrap</param>
-		/// <param name="vessel">The parent Vessel</param>
+		/// <param name="prefabRelay">The module reference underlying this AntennaRelay,
+		/// as an <see cref="AntennaRange.IAntennaRelay"/></param>
+		/// <param name="pps">The prototype partreference on which the module resides.</param>
 		public ProtoAntennaRelay(IAntennaRelay prefabRelay, ProtoPartSnapshot pps) : base(prefabRelay)
 		{
 			this.protoPart = pps;
-		}
 
-		~ProtoAntennaRelay()
-		{
-			Tools.PostDebugMessage(string.Format(
-				"{0}: destroyed",
-				this.ToString()
-			));
+			Tools.PostLogMessage("{0}: constructed {1}", this.GetType().Name, this.ToString());
 		}
 	}
 }

--- a/RelayDatabase.cs
+++ b/RelayDatabase.cs
@@ -26,6 +26,8 @@
 // WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE
 // OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 
+#pragma warning disable 1591
+
 using KSP;
 using System;
 using System.Collections.Generic;
@@ -45,22 +47,20 @@
 		 * Fields
 		 * */
 		// Vessel.id-keyed hash table of Part.GetHashCode()-keyed tables of relay objects.
-		protected Dictionary<Guid, Dictionary<int, IAntennaRelay>> relayDatabase;
+		private Dictionary<Guid, List<IAntennaRelay>> relayDatabase;
+		private Dictionary<Guid, IAntennaRelay> bestRelayTable;
 
 		// Vessel.id-keyed hash table of part counts, used for caching
-		protected Dictionary<Guid, int> vesselPartCountTable;
-
-		// Vessel.id-keyed hash table of booleans to track what vessels have been checked so far this time.
-		public Dictionary<Guid, bool> CheckedVesselsTable;
-
-		protected int cacheHits;
-		protected int cacheMisses;
+		private Dictionary<Guid, int> vesselPartCountTable;
+
+		private int cacheHits;
+		private int cacheMisses;
 
 		/*
 		 * Properties
 		 * */
 		// Gets the Part-hashed table of relays in a given vessel
-		public Dictionary<int, IAntennaRelay> this [Vessel vessel]
+		public IList<IAntennaRelay> this [Vessel vessel]
 		{
 			get
 			{
@@ -85,16 +85,66 @@
 				}
 
 				// Return the Part-hashed table of relays for this vessel
-				return relayDatabase[vessel.id];
+				return relayDatabase[vessel.id].AsReadOnly();
 			}
 		}
 
 		/* 
 		 * Methods
 		 * */
+		// Remove a vessel from the cache, if it exists.
+		public void DirtyVessel(Vessel vessel)
+		{
+			#if DEBUG
+			Tools.PostDebugMessage("RelayDatabase: Dirtying cache for vessel {0} in frame {1}",
+				vessel, new System.Diagnostics.StackTrace().ToString());
+			#else
+			Tools.PostLogMessage("RelayDatabase: Dirtying cache for vessel {0}", vessel.vesselName);
+			#endif
+
+			this.relayDatabase.Remove(vessel.id);
+			this.vesselPartCountTable.Remove(vessel.id);
+			this.bestRelayTable.Remove(vessel.id);
+		}
+
+		public void ClearCache()
+		{
+			Tools.PostLogMessage("RelayDatabase: onSceneChange clearing entire cache.");
+
+			this.relayDatabase.Clear();
+			this.bestRelayTable.Clear();
+			this.vesselPartCountTable.Clear();
+		}
+
+		// Returns true if both the relayDatabase and the vesselPartCountDB contain the vessel id.
+		public bool ContainsKey(Guid key)
+		{
+			return this.relayDatabase.ContainsKey(key);
+		}
+
+		// Returns true if both the relayDatabase and the vesselPartCountDB contain the vessel.
+		public bool ContainsKey(Vessel vessel)
+		{
+			return this.ContainsKey(vessel.id);
+		}
+
+		public IAntennaRelay GetBestVesselRelay(Vessel vessel)
+		{
+			IAntennaRelay relay;
+			if (this.bestRelayTable.TryGetValue(vessel.id, out relay))
+			{
+				return relay;
+			}
+			else
+			{
+				var dump = this[vessel];
+				return null;
+			}
+		}
+
 		// Adds a vessel to the database
 		// The return for this function isn't used yet, but seems useful for potential future API-uses
-		public bool AddVessel(Vessel vessel)
+		private bool AddVessel(Vessel vessel)
 		{
 			// If this vessel is already here...
 			if (this.ContainsKey(vessel))
@@ -114,7 +164,7 @@
 			else
 			{
 				// Build an empty table...
-				this.relayDatabase[vessel.id] = new Dictionary<int, IAntennaRelay>();
+				this.relayDatabase[vessel.id] = new List<IAntennaRelay>();
 
 				// Update the empty index
 				this.UpdateVessel(vessel);
@@ -125,7 +175,7 @@
 		}
 
 		// Update the vessel's entry in the table
-		public void UpdateVessel(Vessel vessel)
+		private void UpdateVessel(Vessel vessel)
 		{
 			// Squak if the database doesn't have the vessel
 			if (!this.ContainsKey(vessel))
@@ -138,37 +188,12 @@
 				));
 			}
 
-			Dictionary<int, IAntennaRelay> vesselTable = this.relayDatabase[vessel.id];
+			List<IAntennaRelay> vesselTable = this.relayDatabase[vessel.id];
 
 			// Actually build and assign the table
 			this.getVesselRelays(vessel, ref vesselTable);
 			// Set the part count
 			this.vesselPartCountTable[vessel.id] = vessel.Parts.Count;
-		}
-
-		// Remove a vessel from the cache, if it exists.
-		public void DirtyVessel(Vessel vessel)
-		{
-			if (this.relayDatabase.ContainsKey(vessel.id))
-			{
-				this.relayDatabase.Remove(vessel.id);
-			}
-			if (this.vesselPartCountTable.ContainsKey(vessel.id))
-			{
-				this.vesselPartCountTable.Remove(vessel.id);
-			}
-		}
-
-		// Returns true if both the relayDatabase and the vesselPartCountDB contain the vessel id.
-		public bool ContainsKey(Guid key)
-		{
-			return this.relayDatabase.ContainsKey(key);
-		}
-
-		// Returns true if both the relayDatabase and the vesselPartCountDB contain the vessel.
-		public bool ContainsKey(Vessel vessel)
-		{
-			return this.ContainsKey(vessel.id);
 		}
 
 		// Runs when a vessel is modified (or when we switch to one, to catch docking events)
@@ -195,18 +220,41 @@
 		}
 
 		// Runs when the player requests a scene change, such as when changing vessels or leaving flight.
-		public void onSceneChange(GameScenes scene)
-		{
-			// If the active vessel is a real thing...
-			if (FlightGlobals.ActiveVessel != null)
-			{
-				// ... dirty its cache
-				this.onVesselEvent(FlightGlobals.ActiveVessel);
-			}
+		private void onSceneChange(GameScenes scene)
+		{
+			Tools.PostDebugMessage(
+				"RelayDatabase: caught onSceneChangeRequested in scene {0} to scene {1}.  ActiveVessel is {2}",
+				HighLogic.LoadedScene,
+				scene,
+				FlightGlobals.ActiveVessel == null ? "null" : FlightGlobals.ActiveVessel.vesselName
+			);
+
+			if (scene == GameScenes.FLIGHT)
+			{
+				if (scene == HighLogic.LoadedScene)
+				{
+					if (FlightGlobals.ActiveVessel != null)
+					{
+						Tools.PostDebugMessage("RelayDatabase: onSceneChange clearing {0} from cache.",
+							FlightGlobals.ActiveVessel.vesselName);
+
+						this.onVesselEvent(FlightGlobals.ActiveVessel);
+					}
+				}
+				else
+				{
+					this.ClearCache();
+				}
+			}
+		}
+
+		private void onGameLoaded(object data)
+		{
+			this.ClearCache();
 		}
 
 		// Runs when parts are undocked
-		public void onPartEvent(Part part)
+		private void onPartEvent(Part part)
 		{
 			if (part != null && part.vessel != null)
 			{
@@ -215,14 +263,14 @@
 		}
 
 		// Runs when parts are coupled, as in docking
-		public void onFromPartToPartEvent(GameEvents.FromToAction<Part, Part> data)
+		private void onFromPartToPartEvent(GameEvents.FromToAction<Part, Part> data)
 		{
 			this.onPartEvent(data.from);
 			this.onPartEvent(data.to);
 		}
 
 		// Produce a Part-hashed table of relays for the given vessel
-		protected void getVesselRelays(Vessel vessel, ref Dictionary<int, IAntennaRelay> relays)
+		private void getVesselRelays(Vessel vessel, ref List<IAntennaRelay> relays)
 		{
 			// We're going to completely regen this table, so dump the current contents.
 			relays.Clear();
@@ -232,6 +280,10 @@
 				"IAntennaRelay",
 				vessel.vesselName
 			));
+
+			double bestRelayRange = double.NegativeInfinity;
+			IAntennaRelay bestRelay = null;
+			IAntennaRelay relay;
 
 			// If the vessel is loaded, we can fetch modules implementing IAntennaRelay directly.
 			if (vessel.loaded) {
@@ -242,16 +294,30 @@
 				));
 
 				// Loop through the Parts in the Vessel...
-				foreach (Part part in vessel.Parts)
-				{
+				Part part;
+				for (int partIdx = 0; partIdx < vessel.Parts.Count; partIdx++)
+				{
+					part = vessel.Parts[partIdx];
+
 					// ...loop through the PartModules in the Part...
-					foreach (PartModule module in part.Modules)
+					PartModule module;
+					for (int modIdx = 0; modIdx < part.Modules.Count; modIdx++)
 					{
+						module = part.Modules[modIdx];
+
 						// ...if the module is a relay...
 						if (module is IAntennaRelay)
 						{
+							relay = (module as IAntennaRelay);
+
+							if (relay.maxTransmitDistance > bestRelayRange)
+							{
+								bestRelayRange = relay.maxTransmitDistance;
+								bestRelay = relay;
+							}
+
 							// ...add the module to the table
-							relays.Add(part.GetHashCode(), module as IAntennaRelay);
+							relays.Add(relay);
 							// ...neglect relay objects after the first in each part.
 							break;
 						}
@@ -268,8 +334,11 @@
 				));
 
 				// Loop through the ProtoPartModuleSnapshots in the Vessel...
-				foreach (ProtoPartSnapshot pps in vessel.protoVessel.protoPartSnapshots)
-				{
+				ProtoPartSnapshot pps;
+				for (int ppsIdx = 0; ppsIdx < vessel.protoVessel.protoPartSnapshots.Count; ppsIdx++)
+				{
+					pps = vessel.protoVessel.protoPartSnapshots[ppsIdx];
+
 					Tools.PostDebugMessage(string.Format(
 						"{0}: Searching in protopartsnapshot {1}",
 						this.GetType().Name,
@@ -287,8 +356,11 @@
 					));
 
 					// ...loop through the PartModules in the prefab...
-					foreach (PartModule module in partPrefab.Modules)
+					PartModule module;
+					for (int modIdx = 0; modIdx < partPrefab.Modules.Count; modIdx++)
 					{
+						module = partPrefab.Modules[modIdx];
+
 						Tools.PostDebugMessage(string.Format(
 							"{0}: Searching in partmodule {1}",
 							this.GetType().Name,
@@ -304,14 +376,24 @@
 								module
 							));
 
+							relay = new ProtoAntennaRelay(module as IAntennaRelay, pps);
+
+							if (relay.maxTransmitDistance > bestRelayRange)
+							{
+								bestRelayRange = relay.maxTransmitDistance;
+								bestRelay = relay;
+							}
+
 							// ...build a new ProtoAntennaRelay and add it to the table
-							relays.Add(pps.GetHashCode(), new ProtoAntennaRelay(module as IAntennaRelay, pps));
+							relays.Add(relay);
 							// ...neglect relay objects after the first in each part.
 							break;
 						}
 					}
 				}
 			}
+
+			this.bestRelayTable[vessel.id] = bestRelay;
 
 			Tools.PostDebugMessage(string.Format(
 				"{0}: vessel '{1}' ({2}) has {3} transmitters.",
@@ -323,12 +405,12 @@
 		}
 
 		// Construct the singleton
-		protected RelayDatabase()
+		private RelayDatabase()
 		{
 			// Initialize the databases
-			this.relayDatabase = new Dictionary<Guid, Dictionary<int, IAntennaRelay>>();
+			this.relayDatabase = new Dictionary<Guid, List<IAntennaRelay>>();
+			this.bestRelayTable = new Dictionary<Guid, IAntennaRelay>();
 			this.vesselPartCountTable = new Dictionary<Guid, int>();
-			this.CheckedVesselsTable = new Dictionary<Guid, bool>();
 
 			this.cacheHits = 0;
 			this.cacheMisses = 0;
@@ -340,6 +422,7 @@
 			GameEvents.onGameSceneLoadRequested.Add(this.onSceneChange);
 			GameEvents.onPartCouple.Add(this.onFromPartToPartEvent);
 			GameEvents.onPartUndock.Add(this.onPartEvent);
+			GameEvents.onGameStateLoad.Add(this.onGameLoaded);
 		}
 
 		~RelayDatabase()
@@ -351,6 +434,7 @@
 			GameEvents.onGameSceneLoadRequested.Remove(this.onSceneChange);
 			GameEvents.onPartCouple.Remove(this.onFromPartToPartEvent);
 			GameEvents.onPartUndock.Remove(this.onPartEvent);
+			GameEvents.onGameStateLoad.Remove(this.onGameLoaded);
 
 			Tools.PostDebugMessage(this.GetType().Name + " destroyed.");
 
@@ -366,21 +450,28 @@
 		#if DEBUG
 		public void Dump()
 		{
-			StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
+			StringBuilder sb = Tools.GetStringBuilder();
 
 			sb.Append("Dumping RelayDatabase:");
 
-			foreach (Guid id in this.relayDatabase.Keys)
-			{
-				sb.AppendFormat("\nVessel {0}:", id);
-
-				foreach (IAntennaRelay relay in this.relayDatabase[id].Values)
-				{
+			var dbEnum = this.relayDatabase.GetEnumerator();
+			IList<IAntennaRelay> vesselRelays;
+			while (dbEnum.MoveNext())
+			{
+				sb.AppendFormat("\nVessel {0}:", dbEnum.Current.Key);
+
+				vesselRelays = dbEnum.Current.Value;
+				IAntennaRelay relay;
+				for (int rIdx = 0; rIdx < vesselRelays.Count; rIdx++)
+				{
+					relay = vesselRelays[rIdx];
 					sb.AppendFormat("\n\t{0}", relay.ToString());
 				}
 			}
 
 			Tools.PostDebugMessage(sb.ToString());
+
+			Tools.PutStringBuilder(sb);
 		}
 		#endif
 	}

--- a/RelayExtensions.cs
+++ b/RelayExtensions.cs
@@ -28,16 +28,59 @@
 
 using System;
 using System.Collections.Generic;
-using System.Linq;
 using ToadicusTools;
 
 namespace AntennaRange
 {
-	/*
-	 * A class of utility extensions for Vessels and Relays to help find a relay path back to Kerbin.
-	 * */
+	/// <summary>
+	/// A class of utility extensions for Vessels and Relays to help find a relay path back to Kerbin.
+	/// </summary>
 	public static class RelayExtensions
 	{
+		/// <summary>
+		/// Returns the distance between two IAntennaRelays.
+		/// </summary>
+		/// <param name="relayOne">Relay one.</param>
+		/// <param name="relayTwo">Relay two.</param>
+		public static double DistanceTo(this IAntennaRelay relayOne, IAntennaRelay relayTwo)
+		{
+			return relayOne.vessel.DistanceTo(relayTwo.vessel);
+		}
+
+		/// <summary>
+		/// Returns the distance from this IAntennaRelay to the given CelestialBody
+		/// </summary>
+		/// <param name="relay">Relay.</param>
+		/// <param name="body">Body.</param>
+		public static double SqrDistanceTo(this IAntennaRelay relay, CelestialBody body)
+		{
+			double range = relay.vessel.DistanceTo(body) - body.Radius;
+
+			return range * range;
+		}
+
+		/// <summary>
+		/// Returns the distance between two IAntennaRelays.
+		/// </summary>
+		/// <param name="relayOne">Relay one.</param>
+		/// <param name="relayTwo">Relay two.</param>
+		public static double SqrDistanceTo(this IAntennaRelay relayOne, IAntennaRelay relayTwo)
+		{
+			return relayOne.vessel.sqrDistanceTo(relayTwo.vessel);
+		}
+
+		/// <summary>
+		/// Returns the distance from this IAntennaRelay to the given CelestialBody
+		/// </summary>
+		/// <param name="relay">Relay.</param>
+		/// <param name="body">Body.</param>
+		public static double DistanceTo(this IAntennaRelay relay, CelestialBody body)
+		{
+			double range = relay.vessel.DistanceTo(body) - body.Radius;
+
+			return range;
+		}
+
 		/// <summary>
 		/// Returns the distance between this IAntennaRelay and a Vessel
 		/// </summary>
@@ -69,12 +112,44 @@
 		}
 
 		/// <summary>
+		/// Returns the square of the distance between this IAntennaRelay and a Vessel
+		/// </summary>
+		/// <param name="relay">This <see cref="IAntennaRelay"/></param>
+		/// <param name="vessel">A <see cref="Vessel"/></param>
+		public static double SqrDistanceTo(this AntennaRelay relay, Vessel vessel)
+		{
+			return relay.vessel.sqrDistanceTo(vessel);
+		}
+
+		/// <summary>
+		/// Returns the square of the distance between this IAntennaRelay and a CelestialBody
+		/// </summary>
+		/// <param name="relay">This <see cref="IAntennaRelay"/></param>
+		/// <param name="body">A <see cref="CelestialBody"/></param>
+		public static double SqrDistanceTo(this AntennaRelay relay, CelestialBody body)
+		{
+			double dist = (relay.vessel.GetWorldPos3D() - body.position).magnitude - body.Radius;
+
+			return dist * dist;
+		}
+
+		/// <summary>
+		/// Returns the square of the distance between this IAntennaRelay and another IAntennaRelay
+		/// </summary>
+		/// <param name="relayOne">This <see cref="IAntennaRelay"/></param>
+		/// <param name="relayTwo">Another <see cref="IAntennaRelay"/></param>
+		public static double SqrDistanceTo(this AntennaRelay relayOne, IAntennaRelay relayTwo)
+		{
+			return relayOne.vessel.sqrDistanceTo(relayTwo.vessel);
+		}
+
+		/// <summary>
 		/// Returns all of the PartModules or ProtoPartModuleSnapshots implementing IAntennaRelay in this Vessel.
 		/// </summary>
 		/// <param name="vessel">This <see cref="Vessel"/></param>
-		public static IEnumerable<IAntennaRelay> GetAntennaRelays (this Vessel vessel)
-		{
-			return RelayDatabase.Instance[vessel].Values.ToList();
+		public static IList<IAntennaRelay> GetAntennaRelays (this Vessel vessel)
+		{
+			return RelayDatabase.Instance[vessel];
 		}
 
 		/// <summary>
@@ -84,8 +159,11 @@
 		/// <param name="vessel"></param>
 		public static bool HasConnectedRelay(this Vessel vessel)
 		{
-			foreach (IAntennaRelay relay in RelayDatabase.Instance[vessel].Values)
-			{
+			IList<IAntennaRelay> vesselRelays = RelayDatabase.Instance[vessel];
+			IAntennaRelay relay;
+			for (int rIdx = 0; rIdx < vesselRelays.Count; rIdx++)
+			{
+				relay = vesselRelays[rIdx];
 				if (relay.CanTransmit())
 				{
 					return true;
@@ -94,6 +172,60 @@
 
 			return false;
 		}
+
+		/// <summary>
+		/// Gets the <see cref="AntennaRange.ConnectionStatus"/> for this <see cref="Vessel"/>
+		/// </summary>
+		/// <param name="vessel">This <see cref="Vessel"/></param>
+		public static ConnectionStatus GetConnectionStatus(this Vessel vessel)
+		{
+			bool canTransmit = false;
+
+			IList<IAntennaRelay> vesselRelays = RelayDatabase.Instance[vessel];
+			IAntennaRelay relay;
+			for (int rIdx = 0; rIdx < vesselRelays.Count; rIdx++)
+			{
+				relay = vesselRelays[rIdx];
+				if (relay.LinkStatus > ConnectionStatus.None)
+				{
+					canTransmit = true;
+
+					if (relay.LinkStatus == ConnectionStatus.Optimal)
+					{
+						return ConnectionStatus.Optimal;
+					}
+				}
+			}
+
+			if (canTransmit)
+			{
+				return ConnectionStatus.Suboptimal;
+			}
+			else
+			{
+				return ConnectionStatus.None;
+			}
+		}
+
+		/// <summary>
+		/// Gets the best relay on this Vessel.  The best relay may not be able to transmit.
+		/// </summary>
+		/// <param name="vessel">This <see cref="Vessel"/></param>
+		public static IAntennaRelay GetBestRelay(this Vessel vessel)
+		{
+			return RelayDatabase.Instance.GetBestVesselRelay(vessel);
+		}
+	}
+
+	#pragma warning disable 1591
+	/// <summary>
+	/// An Enum describing the connection status of a vessel or relay.
+	/// </summary>
+	public enum ConnectionStatus
+	{
+		None,
+		Suboptimal,
+		Optimal
 	}
 }